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A survey of the occurrence of deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEN) in wheat, rye, barley and maize harvested in 1989-2001 in several regions of Russia has been conducted. A total of 5652 samples of cereals were analysed for DON and ZEN by using TLC and normal-phase HPLC with UV-detector. DON was detected in 69% of 2166 samples from Krasnodar region(More)
Powerful scientific techniques have caused dramatic expansion of genetically modified crops leading to altered agricultural practices posing direct and indirect environmental implications. Despite the enhanced yield potential, risks and biosafety concerns associated with such GM crops are the fundamental issues to be addressed. An increasing interest can be(More)
This paper is the third in a series of publications on the experimental study of subacute oral toxicity of nanostructured silicon dioxide (SiO2). We used commercial nanostructured SiO2, obtained by hydrolysis of tetrachlorosilane in the gaseous phase, with the size of the primary nanoparticles (NPs) of 5-30 nm. The aqueous dispersion of SiO2 after treatment(More)
Male Wistar rats received a semisynthetic diet with resveratrol (100 mg/kg), indole-3-carbinol (20 mg/kg), or a mixture of these compounds in the same doses for 1 week. Activities of ethoxyresorufi n dealkylase (EROD), methoxyresorufi n dealkylase (MROD), pentoxyresorufin dealkylase (PROD), and 6β-testosterone hydroxylase (6β-TH) and the content of mRNA for(More)
The intragastric administration to male Wistar rats of T-2 toxin at 1-1.3 mg/kg body weight for 7 days caused a sharp decrease in the liver activity of lysosomal enzymes: beta-galactosidase, beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase, alpha-mannosidase, cathepsins A, B, C and D and in the activity of enzymes of the 1st phase of metabolism of xenobiotics--aniline(More)
The effects of water-dispersed Ag nanoparticles on the small intestinal mucosa, liver, and spleen of rats were studied by transmission electron microscopy. Acute experiments demonstrated penetration of Ag nanoparticles injected into the isolated intestinal loop into the intestinal mucosa, liver, and splenic tissues. Ultrastructural changes (lobed nucleus,(More)
Penetration of titanium dioxide nanoparticles into enterocytes after their administration into isolated loop of rat small intestine was shown in vivo by transmission electron microscopy. Using electron diffraction, titanium dioxide nanoparticles were identified in the apical regions of the cells under plasma membranes and in deeper parts of the cytoplasm as(More)
The beginning of the 21st century is characterized by growing interest in the problems of biosafety, which are determined, on the one hand, by the wide use of novel biotechnologies and the necessity to develop the adequate precautionary measures, and, on the other hand, by the objective threat of bioterrorism. Therefore, improvement of the estimation system(More)
Silver nanoparticles (NPs), widely used in the manufacture of various types of consumer products and for medical applications, belong to novel types of materials that pose potential risks to human health. The potential negative effects of the influence of these NPs on reproduction are insufficiently researched. A quantitative assessment of the transfer of(More)
Modern agriculture provides the potential for sustainable feeding of the world's increasing population. Up to the present moment, genetically modified (GM) products have enabled increased yields and reduced pesticide usage. Nevertheless, GM products are controversial amongst policy makers, scientists and the consumers, regarding their possible(More)