Victor A. Rosenberg

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Our goal was to determine the relationship between 4 amniotic fluid (AF) proteomic biomarkers (human neutrophil defensins 2 and 1, calgranulins C and A) characteristic of intra-amniotic inflammation, and funisitis and early-onset sepsis in premature neonates. The mass restricted (MR) score was generated from AF obtained from women in preterm labor (n =(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the relationship between histologic chorioamnionitis and four amniotic fluid proteomic biomarkers characteristic of inflammation (defensins 2 and 1, calgranulins C and A). METHODS One hundred fifty-eight women with singleton pregnancies had a clinically indicated amniocentesis to rule out inflammation and infection in the context of(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate whether blood-contaminated amniotic fluid affects the performance of white blood cell (WBC) count in diagnosing intraamniotic inflammation and infection. METHODS Three hundred fifty-seven consecutive women pregnant with singletons undergoing amniocentesis to rule out infection were enrolled prospectively. A "bloody tap" was defined(More)
Premature birth before 37 weeks of gestation is a significant public health problem. Each year, 4.5 million premature infants are born worldwide. Despite extensive research and a variety of interventions, the rate of preterm birth has steadily increased over the past 20 years and reached a high of 12.8% in 2006. The etiology of most preterm births remains(More)
PROBLEM Activins and inhibins are important modulators of inflammatory processes. We explored activation of amniotic fluid (AF) activin-A and inhibin-A system in women with intra-amniotic infection and preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM). METHOD OF STUDY We analyzed 78 AF samples: '2nd trimester-control' (n=12), '3rd trimester-control'(More)
We sought to determine if advanced maternal age (AMA) is a risk factor for intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD). We used a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention database and analyzed outcomes in women 15 to 44 years of age with term singleton gestations. Cox proportional hazards models and Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel tests were used. Results were(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to test the hypothesis that inflammation modulates fetal erythroblastosis and/or the release of nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs) independent of hypoxia or fetal stress. We sought to determine whether fetal inflammation is associated with an elevation in neonatal NRBC count in the setting of inflammation-associated(More)
BACKGROUND Though recent advancement in proteomics has provided a novel perspective on several distinct pathogenetic mechanisms leading to preterm birth (inflammation, bleeding), the etiology of most preterm births still remains elusive. We conducted a multidimensional proteomic analysis of the amniotic fluid to identify pathways related to preterm birth in(More)
BACKGROUND Alterations in circulating levels of pro- and antiangiogenic factors have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Heparin is routinely administered to pregnant women, but without clear knowledge of its impact on these factors. METHODS AND RESULTS We conducted a longitudinal study of 42 pregnant women. Twenty-one women received(More)
Venous thromboembolism in pregnancy is a clinical emergency that has been associated with significant risk for maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The adaptation of the maternal hemostatic system to pregnancy predisposes women to an increased risk of thromboembolism. A timely diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis is crucial because up to 24% of(More)