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It has been argued that the evolution of plant genome size is principally unidirectional and increasing owing to the varied action of whole-genome duplications (WGDs) and mobile element proliferation. However, extreme genome size reductions have been reported in the angiosperm family tree. Here we report the sequence of the 82-megabase genome of the(More)
BACKGROUND The glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3)/SHAGGY-like kinases (GSKs) are non-receptor serine/threonine protein kinases that are involved in a variety of biological processes. In contrast to the two members of the GSK3 family in mammals, plants appear to have a much larger set of divergent GSK genes. Plant GSKs are encoded by a multigene family;(More)
As the papers in this issue and other recent reviews illustrate through collective progress in paleobotany, phylogeny, and studies of the evolution of plant development, enormous progress has been made in understanding Darwin ' s " abominable mystery " — the " rapid rise and early diversifi cation " of the an-giosperms. For example, recent phylogenetic(More)
BACKGROUND The Floral Genome Project was initiated to bridge the genomic gap between the most broadly studied plant model systems. Arabidopsis and rice, although now completely sequenced and under intensive comparative genomic investigation, are separated by at least 125 million years of evolutionary time, and cannot in isolation provide a comprehensive(More)
Whole genome doubling (WGD), a frequent occurrence during the evolution of the angiosperms, complicates ancestral gene order reconstruction due to the multiplicity of solutions to the genome halving process. Using the genome of a related species (the outgroup) to guide the halving of a WGD descendant attenuates this problem. We investigate a battery of(More)
BACKGROUND There has been a trend in increasing the phylogenetic scope of genome sequencing without finishing the sequence of the genome. Increasing numbers of genomes are being published in scaffold or contig form. Rearrangement algorithms, however, including gene order-based phylogenetic tools, require whole genome data on gene order or syntenic block(More)
  • Enrique Ibarra-Laclette, Victor A Albert, Claudia A Pérez-Torres, Flor Zamudio-Hernández, María de J Ortega-Estrada, Alfredo Herrera-Estrella +1 other
  • 2011
BACKGROUND The carnivorous plant Utricularia gibba (bladderwort) is remarkable in having a minute genome, which at ca. 80 megabases is approximately half that of Arabidopsis. Bladderworts show an incredible diversity of forms surrounding a defined theme: tiny, bladder-like suction traps on terrestrial, epiphytic, or aquatic plants with a diversity of(More)
A hexaploidization event over 125 Mya underlies the evolutionary lineage of the majority of flowering plants, including very many species of agricultural importance. Half of these belong to the rosid subgrouping, containing severals whose genome sequences have been published. Although most duplicate and triplicate genes have been lost in all descendants,(More)
Much recent attention in the study of adaptation of organismal form has centered on developmental regulation. As such, the highly conserved respiratory machinery of eukaryotic cells might seem an unlikely target for selection supporting novel morphologies. We demonstrate that a dramatic molecular evolutionary rate increase in subunit I of cytochrome c(More)