Vicky M M-J Vermeulen

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The aim of this study was to evaluate whether soluble factors in plasma of familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) patients affect hepatic protein secretion. Cultured human hepatocytes, i.e., HepG2 cells, were incubated with fasting plasma (20%, v/v, in DMEM) from untreated FCHL patients or normolipidemic controls. Overall protein secretion was 10-15%(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study addresses the presence of distinct metabolic phenotypes in familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) in relation to small dense low-density lipoprotein (sd LDL) and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) subclasses. METHODS AND RESULTS Hyperlipidemic FCHL relatives (n=72) were analyzed for LDL size by gradient gel electrophoresis.(More)
BACKGROUND Complement C3, a central component of the innate immune system is increased in subjects with obesity and type 2 diabetes and is a novel risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that the strong association between insulin resistance and circulating amounts of C3 may be related to hepatic fat accumulation -independent of central(More)
CONTEXT Activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) is critical for initiation and full activation of the unfolded protein response. An association between genetic variation in ATF6 and type 2 diabetes (DM2) was recently reported in Pima Indians. OBJECTIVES To investigate the broader significance of this association for DM2, replication studies in distinct(More)
AIMS Thioredoxin interacting protein (TXNIP) is an attractive candidate gene for diabetes or diabetic dyslipidaemia, since TXNIP is the strongest glucose-responsive gene in pancreatic B-cells, TXNIP deficiency in a mouse model is associated with hyperlipidaemia and TXNIP is located in the 1q21-1q23 chromosomal Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) locus. We set out(More)
Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) is a common genetic lipid disorder characterized by premature coronary artery disease, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and impaired adipose tissue free fatty acid (FFA) metabolism. Increased adipose tissue FFA flux towards the liver may, in part, contribute to reduced insulin sensitivity and hyperlipidemia in FCHL.(More)
The inbred HcB19 mouse strain expresses a truncated form of thioredoxin interacting protein and is phenotypically characterized by fatty liver and elevated plasma triglycerides and VLDL. Recently, these mice have been proposed as an animal model for familial combined hyperlipidemia. The aim of the present study was identification of hepatic proteins(More)
INTRODUCTION Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL), an entity with many features of the metabolic syndrome, is characterized by changes in cholesterol and triglyceride phenotype over time. This study was conducted to investigate the relation of alanineaminotransferase (ALT) levels, used as a surrogate for the amount of hepatic fat, with the switch in(More)
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