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A series of compounds were designed and synthesized as antagonists of cIAP1/2, ML-IAP, and XIAP based on the N-terminus, AVPI, of mature Smac. Compound 1 (GDC-0152) has the best profile of these compounds; it binds to the XIAP BIR3 domain, the BIR domain of ML-IAP, and the BIR3 domains of cIAP1 and cIAP2 with K(i) values of 28, 14, 17, and 43 nM,(More)
Smoothened (SMO) inhibitors are under clinical investigation for the treatment of several cancers. Vismodegib is approved for the treatment of locally advanced and metastatic basal cell carcinoma (BCC). Most BCC patients experience significant clinical benefit on vismodegib, but some develop resistance. Genomic analysis of tumor biopsies revealed that(More)
Efforts to identify potent small molecule inhibitors of PI3 kinase and mTOR led to the discovery of the exceptionally potent 6-aryl morpholino thienopyrimidine 6. In an effort to reduce the melting point in analogs of 6, the thienopyrimidine was modified by the addition of a methyl group to disrupt planarity. This modification resulted in a general(More)
The inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) proteins are critical regulators of cancer cell survival, which makes them attractive targets for therapeutic intervention in cancers. Herein, we describe the structure-based design of IAP antagonists with high affinities and selectivity (>2000-fold) for c-IAP1 over XIAP and their functional characterization as activators of(More)
Starting from HTS hit 1a, X-ray co-crystallization and molecular modeling were used to design potent and selective inhibitors of PI3-kinase. Bioavailablity in this series was improved through careful modulation of physicochemical properties. Compound 12 displayed in vivo knockdown of PI3K pharmacodynamic markers such as pAKT, pPRAS40, and pS6RP in a PC3(More)
The PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway has been shown to play an important role in cancer. Starting with compounds 1 and 2 (GDC-0941) as templates, (thienopyrimidin-2-yl)aminopyrimidines were discovered as potent inhibitors of PI3K or both PI3K and mTOR. Structural information derived from PI3K gamma-ligand cocrystal structures of 1 and 2 were used to design inhibitors(More)
Covalent modification of histones is a fundamental mechanism of regulated gene expression in eukaryotes, and interpretation of histone modifications is an essential feature of epigenetic control. Bromodomains are specialized binding modules that interact with acetylated histones, linking chromatin recognition to gene transcription. Because of their ability(More)
Inhibitors of the class I phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) isoform PI3Kα have received substantial attention for their potential use in cancer therapy. Despite the particular attraction of targeting PI3Kα, achieving selectivity for the inhibition of this isoform has proved challenging. Herein we report the discovery of inhibitors of PI3Kα that have(More)
BACKGROUND Topical bovine thrombin (TBT) is used as a topical haemostatic agent in haemodialysis (HD) units and for surgical procedures. It has caused allergic reactions during surgical procedures, but no previous cases have been reported with dialysis usage. OBJECTIVE A case is reported of anaphylaxis due to TBT in an HD patient. This led to a(More)
A therapeutic rationale is proposed for the treatment of inflammatory diseases, such as psoriasis and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), by selective targeting of TYK2. Hit triage, following a high-throughput screen for TYK2 inhibitors, revealed pyridine 1 as a promising starting point for lead identification. Initial expansion of 3 separate regions of the(More)