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The nuclear receptor superfamily includes receptors for steroids, retinoids, thyroid hormone and vitamin D, as well as many related proteins. An important feature of the action of the lipophilic hormones and vitamins is that the maintenance of homeostatic function requires both intrinsic positive and negative regulation. Here we provide in vitro and in vivo(More)
Human erythroleukemia cells are a model system for studies of alpha 2-adrenergic receptors and their coupling to inhibition of adenylate cyclase (McKernan, R. M., Howard, M. J., Motulsky, H. J., and Insel, P. A. (1987) Mol. Pharmacol. 32, 258-265). Using Fura-2, we show that alpha 2-adrenergic receptor stimulation also increases intracellular Ca2+ in these(More)
We have characterized a phosphoserine binding domain in the coactivator CREB-binding protein (CBP) which interacts with the protein kinase A-phosphorylated, and hence activated, form of the cyclic AMP-responsive factor CREB. The CREB binding domain, referred to as KIX, is alpha helical and binds to an unstructured kinase-inducible domain in CREB following(More)
Cohesin is a conserved multiprotein complex that plays an essential role in sister chromatid cohesion. During interphase, cohesin is required for the establishment of cohesion following DNA replication. Because cohesin mutants resulted in increased sensitivity to DNA damage, a role for cohesin in DNA repair was also suggested. However, it was unclear(More)
alpha 1-Adrenergic agonists activate a hypertrophic response in cultured neonatal ventricular myocytes, which include an increase in cell size, organization of contractile proteins into sarcomeric units, and the induction of the atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) gene. Previous findings have supported a role for ras in this signaling pathway. Utilizing(More)
The cellular role of the PML-containing nuclear bodies also known as ND10 or PODs remains elusive despite links to oncogenesis and viral replication. Although a potential role in transcription has been considered, direct evidence has been lacking. By developing a novel in vivo nucleic acid labeling approach, we demonstrate the existence of nascent RNA(More)
Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide binding proteins function in the coupling of a diverse span of cell surface receptors to a variety of intracellular signaling pathways, some of which stimulate cellular proliferation. With the recent discovery that mutated forms of G proteins are present in specific tumors, there has been an increased interest in the(More)
Intracellular cholesterol balance is maintained by a tight feedback mechanism that prevents the overaccumulation of cholesterol to cytotoxic levels. This is achieved through the coordinate regulation of genes of cholesterol uptake and biosynthesis by the sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs). The SREBPs are synthesized as membrane bound(More)
A newly identified subclass of the heterotrimeric GTP binding regulatory protein family, Gq, has been found to be expressed in a diverse range of cell types. We investigated the potential role of this protein in growth factor signal transduction pathways and its potential relationship to the function of other G alpha subclasses. Recent biochemical studies(More)
Axonal transport mediated by microtubule-dependent motors is vital for neuronal function and viability. Selective sets of cargoes, including macromolecules and organelles, are transported long range along axons to specific destinations. Despite intensive studies focusing on the motor machinery, the regulatory mechanisms that control motor-cargo assembly are(More)