Vickie Braithwaite

Learn More
A relationship between iron and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) metabolic pathways has been proposed. Iron deficiency anaemia is prevalent in The Gambia and concentrations of fibroblast growth factor-23 FGF23 are elevated in a large percentage of Gambian children with rickets-like bone deformity. We speculate that low iron status may be involved in the(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND Recent studies have described relationships between iron status and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) but the possible confounding effects of inflammation on iron status have not been considered. The aims of this study were a) to consider a relationship between FGF23 and inflammation b) to identify relationships between iron(More)
We have previously reported on a case-series of children (n=46) with suspected calcium-deficiency rickets who presented in The Gambia with rickets-like bone deformities. Biochemical analyses discounted vitamin D-deficiency as an aetiological factor but indicated a perturbation of Ca-P metabolism involving low plasma phosphate and high circulating fibroblast(More)
Vitamin D is well known for its role in promoting skeletal health. Vitamin D status is determined conventionally by circulating 25-dihydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentration. There is evidence indicating that circulating 25OHD concentration is affected by variation in Gc, the gene encoding the vitamin D binding protein (DBP). The composite genotype of two(More)
UNLABELLED Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is grossly elevated in Gambian children with rickets and, at a lower prevalence, in those without bone deformities. We used western blotting to mimic the detection capabilities of the C-terminal FGF23 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Only intact FGF23 hormone was present in Gambian plasma samples from(More)
BACKGROUND Ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) and iron isomaltoside 1000 (IIM) are increasingly used because they allow correction of severe iron deficiency in a single infusion. A transient decrease in serum phosphate concentrations is a frequent side effect of FCM. AIM To characterize this adverse event and search for its predictors in a gastroenterology(More)
UNLABELLED Debilitating rickets-like lower limb deformities are common in children throughout the world, particularly in Malawi, Africa where the causes are unknown. We have identified that Blount disease and calcium deficiency rickets are the likely causes of these deformities and propose calcium supplementation as a potential treatment of Malawian(More)
Three siblings, aged 12, 4 and 2 years, presented at a Gambian clinic with bone deformities. Radiographs of knees and wrists confirmed the presence of florid rickets. The family (including 2 unaffected siblings and the mother) were investigated for hereditary rickets. The three affected siblings had biochemical features of hereditary hypophosphataemic(More)
Elevated C-terminal fibroblast growth factor 23 (C-FGF23) concentrations have been reported in Gambian children with and without putative Ca-deficiency rickets. The aims of this study were to investigate whether i) elevated C-FGF23 concentrations in Gambian children persist long term; ii) they are associated with higher intact FGF23 concentrations(More)
Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23), a phosphate(Phos)-regulating hormone, is abnormally elevated in hypophosphataemic syndromes and an elevated FGF23 is a predictor of mortality in kidney disease. Recent findings suggest iron deficiency as a potential mediator of FGF23 expression and murine studies have shown in utero effects of maternal iron deficiency on(More)
  • 1