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BACKGROUND Antithrombotic therapy for intracranial arterial stenosis was recently evaluated in the Warfarin versus Aspirin for Symptomatic Intracranial Disease (WASID) trial. A prespecified aim of WASID was to identify patients at highest risk for stroke in the territory of the stenotic artery who would be the target group for a subsequent trial comparing(More)
The WASID trial showed no advantage of warfarin over aspirin for preventing the primary endpoint of ischemic stroke, brain hemorrhage, or vascular death. In analyses of selected subgroups, there was no definite benefit from warfarin. Warfarin reduced the risk of the primary endpoint among patients with basilar artery stenosis, but there was no reduction in(More)
We conducted a medical screening for beryllium disease of 577 former workers from a beryllium processing facility. The screening included a medical and work history questionnaire, a chest radiograph, and blood lymphocyte proliferation testing for beryllium. A task exposure and a job exposure matrix were constructed to examine the association between(More)
BACKGROUND Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Progesterone has been shown to improve neurologic outcome in multiple experimental models and two early-phase trials involving patients with TBI. METHODS We conducted a double-blind, multicenter clinical trial in which patients with severe, moderate-to-severe, or(More)
symbol by their name were included to provide additional content expertise apart from organizational representation. The writing committee gratefully acknowledges the memory of Robert W. Hobson II, MD, who died during the development of this document but contributed immensely to our understanding of extracranial carotid and vertebral artery disease.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Following publication of concerns about the results of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) in acute stroke treatment trial, NINDS commissioned an independent committee "to address whether there is concern that eligible stroke patients may not benefit from(More)
BACKGROUND Infectious individuals in an emergency department (ED) bring substantial risks of cross infection. Data about the complex social and spatial structure of interpersonal contacts in the ED will aid construction of biologically plausible transmission risk models that can guide cross infection control. METHODS AND FINDINGS We sought to determine(More)
Chelation challenge testing has been used to assess the body burden of various metals. The best-known example is EDTA challenge in lead-exposed individuals. This study assessed diagnostic chelation challenge with dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) as a measure of mercury body burden among mercury-exposed workers. Former employees at a chloralkali plant, for(More)
BACKGROUND Spot checks are becoming a popular method to assess hygiene behaviours; however, little is known about their repeatability or predictability. We evaluated the within-household repeatability of hygiene indices created from spot checks and their ability to predict incidence of diarrhoea in young Guatemalan children. METHODS We observed hygiene(More)
OBJECTIVE Newborn screening (NBS) laboratories in the United States expanded their programs to include primary congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in the 1970s. An increase in the national CH-incidence rate since 1987 has been reported. Our goal was to analyze national data reported by state NBS programs and laboratories from 1991 to 2000 to determine the extent(More)