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In a retrospective review of 99 children with spastic cerebral palsy, the efficacy of soft-tissue procedures alone in reducing early subluxation of the hip and preventing further subluxation and dislocation was determined. The indication for surgery was early subluxation of one or both hips. Surgery was either adductor tenotomy with or without anterior(More)
To define the risk of spinal deformity after selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) for the treatment of spasticity due to cerebral palsy, 43 patients were reviewed before and after the procedure. The average length of follow-up was 5.3 years with a range of 2-9 years. Scoliosis was present in three patients before rhizotomy. One patient had a thoracic(More)
Three cases of Charcot spinal arthropathy in long-standing (greater than 20 years) paraplegia are presented. In this group of patients with other known chronic infections, the differential diagnosis strongly favored osteomyelitis. Scanning techniques including technetium 99, indium 111, and computed tomography (CT) were used in the extensive work-up and(More)
Objective. Patients with congenital vertebral anomalies frequently are afflicted with kyphoscoliosis, with the curvatures often being severe and progressive. Spinal fusion almost always is the treatment of choice in such patients. This report examines the use of three-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT) in the preoperative investigation of patients with(More)
Eighty-seven adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (77 female and 10 male patients) who underwent posterior spinal fusion with instrumentation using only allograft bone for graft material were evaluated retrospectively. The average age at surgery was 14 years 3 months. Each patient had a minimum 2-year followup, with an average of 3 years 5 months followup.(More)
An institutionalized adult cerebral palsy (CP) population was studied to evaluate the orthopaedic, functional, and cardiopulmonary status of 14 residents with untreated scoliosis greater than 45 degrees as compared with 42 residents with mild or no curves. Both groups were comparable in age, sex distribution, percentage of quadriplegics, and extent of(More)
To determine the relative trochanteric overgrowth after ischemic necrosis of the femoral head during treatment of congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH), we reviewed radiographs of patients with ischemic necrosis and no femoral side surgery. The articulotrochanteric distance (ATD) was recorded after physeal closure. Ischemic necrosis was classified with(More)
Eighteen idiopathic toe walkers were evaluated by gait electromyography to define muscle timing abnormalities. This group was compared with a matched group of normal children walking on their toes and to a group of patients with cerebral palsy and equinus deformities. Although timing in all three groups differed from normal timing, the two patient groups(More)