Vicki E. Kelley

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We examined whether the synthesis of interleukin-1 or tumor necrosis factor, two cytokines with potent inflammatory activities, is influenced by dietary supplementation with n-3 fatty acids. Nine healthy volunteers added 18 g of fish-oil concentrate per day to their normal Western diet for six weeks. We used a radioimmunoassay to measure interleukin-1 (IL-1(More)
Dietary supplementation of fish oil as the exclusive source of lipid suppresses autoimmune lupus in MRL-lpr mice. This marine oil diet decreases the lymphoid hyperplasia regulated by the lpr gene, prevents an increase in macrophage surface Ia expression, reduces the formation of circulating retroviral gp70 immune complexes, delays the onset of renal(More)
Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is a cell-surface protein regulating interactions among immune cells. To determine whether altered expression of ICAM-1 occurs in autoimmune lupus nephritis, we studied ICAM-1 expression in kidneys of normal and autoimmune MRL-lpr and (NZBX NZW)F1 (NZB/W) mice. By immunoperoxidase staining, ICAM-1 is constitutively(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) is a pleiotropic, pro-inflammatory peptide cytokine which promotes immune renal injury, and participates in T cell activation. It is produced by macrophages, T cells, and some non-hematopoietic cells, and is cytotoxic in picogram quantities. As renal tubular epithelial cells (TEC) bearing MHC class II (Ia) antigens(More)
Pharmacologic quantities of prostaglandin alter the immune complex nephritis of NZB/W mice. To study the mechanism of this change, NZB/W mice received 200 micrograms. of prostaglandin E1 or E2 twice daily starting at 2, 4, or 6 months of age. Mice were sacrificed at bimonthy intervals, renal function and serologic parameters were evaluated, and renal tissue(More)
To determine whether the amount of cyclooxygenase metabolites correlates with the development of lupus nephritis, intrarenal eicosanoid production was measured in autoimmune mice. Disease progression was related to the renal biosynthesis of prostaglandin (PGE2), prostacyclin (6 keto PGF1 alpha), and thromboxane (TXB2) using the MRL-lpr and NZB X NZW F1(More)
TNF and IL-1 are potent immunologic and inflammatory cytokines. We have previously reported increased levels of mRNA for TNF alpha and IL-1 beta in MRL-lpr mice with lupus nephritis. To determine whether the increased levels of TNF and IL-1 mRNA are a more general feature of mice with lupus nephritis we studied cytokine gene expression in female NZB x NZW(More)
In order to assess the importance of interleukin 2 receptor (IL-2R)-positive activated lymphocytes and macrophages in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity, we tested the prophylactic therapeutic efficacy of an anti-IL-2R (M7/20) monoclonal antibody, which recognizes the 55-kDa subunit of the heterodimeric IL-2R in two distinct models: the nonobese diabetic(More)
The effect of the autosomal mutant gene lpr (lymphoproliferation) on the development of various autoantibodies and immune complex (IC) glomerulonephritis was investigated in four genetically distinct strains of mice: MRL/ MpJ , C3H/HeJ, C57BL/6J, and AKR/J. The presence of the lpr gene not only enhanced the production of autoantibodies in the autoimmune(More)