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Phospholipase D (PLD) has been proposed to mediate cytoskeletal remodeling and vesicular trafficking along the secretory pathway. We recently described the activation of an ADP ribosylation factor-regulated PLD at the plasma membrane of chromaffin cells undergoing secretagogue-stimulated exocytosis. We show here that the isoform involved is PLD1b, and,(More)
Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is a major source of lipid-derived second messenger molecules that function as both intracellular and extracellular signals. PC-specific phospholipase D (PLD) and phosphatidic acid phosphohydrolase (PAP) are two pivotal enzymes in this signaling system, and they act in series to generate the biologically active lipids phosphatidic(More)
Phosphatidic acid (PA), lysophosphatidic acid, ceramide 1-phosphate (C1P), and sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) are lipid mediators generated by phospholipases, sphingomyelinases, and lipid kinases. The major pathway for degradation of these lipids is dephosphorylation catalyzed by members of two classes (types 1 and 2) of phosphohydrolase activities (PAPs).(More)
Phosphorylated derivatives of phosphatidylinositol are essential regulators of both endocytic and exocytic trafficking in eukaryotic cells. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase, Pik1p generates a distinct pool of PtdIns(4)P that is required for normal Golgi structure and secretory function. Here, we utilize a synthetic genetic(More)
The essential role for phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate (PtdIns(4)P) in vesicle-mediated protein transport from the trans-Golgi network (TGN) was first described in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, the identity of downstream effectors of PtdIns(4)P in this system has been elusive. Here, we show that Drs2p, a type IV P-type ATPase(More)
Bioactive phospholipids, which include sphingosine-1-phosphate, lysophosphatidic acid, ceramide and their derivatives regulate a wide variety of cellular functions in culture such as proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation. The availability of these lipids and their products is regulated by the lipid phosphate phosphatases (LPPs). Here we show that(More)
Ypt-Rab GTPases are key regulators of the various steps of intracellular trafficking. Guanine nucleotide-exchange factors (GEFs) regulate the conversion of Ypt-Rabs to the GTP-bound state, in which they interact with effectors that mediate all the known aspects of vesicular transport. An interesting possibility is that Ypt-Rabs coordinate separate steps of(More)
Phosphoinositides are both substrates for second messenger-generating enzymes and spatially localized membrane signals that mediate vital steps in signal transduction, cytoskeletal regulation and membrane trafficking. Phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase D (PLD) activity is stimulated by phosphoinositides, but the mechanism and physiological(More)
ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae are encoded by two genes, ARF1 and ARF2. The addition of the c-myc epitope at the C terminus of Arf1 resulted in a mutant (arf1-myc arf2) that supported vegetative growth and rescued cells from supersensitivity to fluoride, but homozygous diploids failed to sporulate. arf1-myc arf2 mutants(More)