Vickas V. Patel

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The structural integrity of the heart is maintained by the end-to-end connection between the myocytes called the intercalated disc. The intercalated disc contains different junctional complexes that enable the myocardium to function as a syncytium. One of the junctional complexes, the zonula adherens or adherens junction, consists of the cell adhesion(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial arrhythmias are common early after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. We hypothesized that empirical antiarrhythmic drug (AAD) therapy for 6 weeks after AF ablation would reduce the occurrence of atrial arrhythmias. METHODS AND RESULTS We randomized consecutive patients with paroxysmal AF undergoing ablation to empirical antiarrhythmic(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to (1) determine how often implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) system modifications were needed to obtain an adequate safety margin for defibrillation, (2) identify how often and for what indications defibrillation threshold (DFT) testing was not performed, and (3) identify factors predicting the need for(More)
BACKGROUND The single-procedure efficacy of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is less than optimal in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). Adjunctive techniques have been developed to enhance single-procedure efficacy in these patients. We conducted a study to compare 3 ablation strategies in patients with persistent AF. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
We report a critical role for the T-box transcription factor Tbx5 in development and maturation of the cardiac conduction system. We find that Tbx5 is expressed throughout the central conduction system, including the atrioventricular bundle and bundle branch conduction system. Tbx5 haploinsufficiency in mice (Tbx5(del/+)), a model of human Holt-Oram(More)
Little is understood about the molecular mechanisms underlying the morphogenesis of the posterior pole of the heart. Here we show that Wnt2 is expressed specifically in the developing inflow tract mesoderm, which generates portions of the atria and atrio-ventricular canal. Loss of Wnt2 results in defective development of the posterior pole of the heart,(More)
The remodeling of ventricular gap junctions, as defined by changes in size, distribution, or function, is a prominent feature of diseased myocardium. However, the regulation of assembly and maintenance of gap junctions remains poorly understood. To investigate N-cadherin function in the adult myocardium, we used a floxed N-cadherin gene in conjunction with(More)
Proper mechanical and electrical coupling of cardiomyocytes is crucial for normal propagation of the electrical impulse throughout the working myocardium. Various proteins on the surface of cardiomyocytes are responsible for the integration of structural information and cell-cell communication. Increasing evidence from diseased myocardium and animal models(More)
BACKGROUND Part of the esophagus is contiguous to the posterior wall (PW) of the left atrium (LA). Esophageal injury has occurred during LA ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). The ability to identify the esophagus and monitor LAPW lesions with intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) has not been documented. METHODS We report an index case of atrioesphageal(More)
Cardiac conduction system (CCS) disease, which results in disrupted conduction and impaired cardiac rhythm, is common with significant morbidity and mortality. Current treatment options are limited, and rational efforts to develop cell-based and regenerative therapies require knowledge of the molecular networks that establish and maintain CCS function.(More)