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The structural integrity of the heart is maintained by the end-to-end connection between the myocytes called the intercalated disc. The intercalated disc contains different junctional complexes that enable the myocardium to function as a syncytium. One of the junctional complexes, the zonula adherens or adherens junction, consists of the cell adhesion(More)
The remodeling of ventricular gap junctions, as defined by changes in size, distribution, or function, is a prominent feature of diseased myocardium. However, the regulation of assembly and maintenance of gap junctions remains poorly understood. To investigate N-cadherin function in the adult myocardium, we used a floxed N-cadherin gene in conjunction with(More)
BACKGROUND Current atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation involves isolation of all pulmonary veins (PVs) with or without additional linear lesions. However, whether such extensive ablation is necessary is unclear. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of different ablation strategies on long-term AF control. METHODS We prospectively(More)
We report a critical role for the T-box transcription factor Tbx5 in development and maturation of the cardiac conduction system. We find that Tbx5 is expressed throughout the central conduction system, including the atrioventricular bundle and bundle branch conduction system. Tbx5 haploinsufficiency in mice (Tbx5(del/+)), a model of human Holt-Oram(More)
Programmed ventricular stimulation is being performed for the provocation of ventricular arrhythmias in genetically engineered mice. Despite the high level of interest in this area of translational research, little attention has been given to differentiating between selectivity and specificity of induced ventricular tachycardia (VT) in phenotypically normal(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial arrhythmias are common early after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. We hypothesized that empirical antiarrhythmic drug (AAD) therapy for 6 weeks after AF ablation would reduce the occurrence of atrial arrhythmias. METHODS AND RESULTS We randomized consecutive patients with paroxysmal AF undergoing ablation to empirical antiarrhythmic(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is increasingly recognized as an important risk factor for arrhythmogenesis. Epidemiological and clinical studies have suggested a strong association between OSA and atrial fibrillation (AF). With the increasing global epidemic of obesity, the incidence of OSA is also expected to rise. Various mechanisms mediated through(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the gamma2 subunit (PRKAG2) of AMP-activated protein kinase produce an unusual human cardiomyopathy characterized by ventricular hypertrophy and electrophysiological abnormalities: Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW) and progressive degenerative conduction system disease. Pathological examinations of affected human hearts reveal(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to (1) determine how often implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) system modifications were needed to obtain an adequate safety margin for defibrillation, (2) identify how often and for what indications defibrillation threshold (DFT) testing was not performed, and (3) identify factors predicting the need for(More)
INTRODUCTION Arrhythmia monitoring in patients undergoing atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is challenging. Transtelephonic monitors (TTMs) are cumbersome to use and provide limited temporal assessment. Implantable loop recorders (ILRs) may overcome these limitations. We sought to evaluate the utility of ILRs versus conventional monitoring (CM) in patients(More)