Vicente Santa Cruz

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Exposure to 4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane (DAPM) has been linked to jaundice, toxic hepatitis, cholangitis, and cholestasis. In rodents, DAPM initially injures biliary epithelial cells, and toxicity is greater in female than male rats. Our goal was to determine if gender differences in DAPM toxicity were due to differences in biliary excretion or covalent(More)
Methylenedianiline (DAPM) is considered a cholangiodestructive toxicant in vivo. Increases in biliary inorganic phosphate (P(i)) and glucose occur prior to biliary epithelial cell (BEC) injury, which could be due to increased paracellular permeability and/or impairment of P(i) and glucose uptake by BEC. To evaluate these possibilities, we induced mild(More)
Methylenedianiline (DAPM) initially injures epithelial cells of major bile ducts, which is followed by cholestasis, cholangitis, and hepatocellular damage. This pattern of biliary injury resembles that produced by alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT), a classic bile duct toxicant. Our goal was to determine whether prior depletion of hepatic total glutathione(More)
4,4'-Methylenedianiline (4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane; DAPM) is an aromatic diamine used in the production of numerous polyurethane foams and epoxy resins. Previous studies in rats revealed that DAPM initially injures biliary epithelial cells of the liver, that the toxicity is greater in female than in male rats, and that the toxic metabolites of DAPM are(More)
Methylenedianiline (DAPM) rapidly injures biliary epithelial cells (BEC) in vivo. Prior to evident BEC injury, biliary glucose and inorganic phosphate appreciably rise, which could stem from loosened tight junctions (TJ). Concurrently, ultrastructural abnormalities in BEC mitochondria of DAPM-treated animals are observed, suggesting other impairments. Our(More)
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