Vicente Oliver Martínez

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Cholinergic neurons originating from the basal forebrain innervate the entire cortical mantle. Choline-sensitive microelectrodes were used to measure the synaptic release of cortical acetylcholine (ACh) at a subsecond resolution in rats performing a task involving the detection of cues. Cues that were detected, defined behaviorally, evoked transient(More)
Cholinergic neurons innervating the cortex have been conceptualized as a major component of the attention system of the brain. Because of recent evidence indicating plastic mechanisms regulating choline transporter (CHT)-mediated high-affinity choline uptake, which is the rate-limiting step of acetylcholine synthesis, the present experiment determined the(More)
This article outlines a strategy for collecting accurate data for the determination of the sensitivity, specificity and predictive value of safety pharmacology models. This entails performing a retrospective analysis on commonly used safety pharmacology endpoints and an objective assessment of new non-clinical models. Such assessments require a systematic(More)
Impairments in attentional functions and capacities represent core aspects of the cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia. Attentional performance has been demonstrated to depend on the integrity and activity of cortical cholinergic inputs. The neurobiological, behavioral, and cognitive effects of repeated exposure to psychostimulants model important aspects of(More)
BACKGROUND The consequences of repeated exposure to psychostimulants have been hypothesized to model aspects of schizophrenia. This experiment assessed the consequences of the administration of an escalating dosing regimen of amphetamine (AMPH) on attentional performance. Fos-like immunoreactivity (Fos-IR) in selected regions of these rats' brains was(More)
Animals and humans are able to predict and synchronize their daily activity to signals present in their environments. Environmental cues are most often associated with signaling the beginning or the end of a daily activity cycle, but they can also be used to time the presentation or availability of scarce resources. If the signal occurs consistently,(More)
The integrity of the cortical cholinergic input system is necessary for attention performance. This experiment tested hypotheses concerning the lateralized contributions of cortical cholinergic inputs to attention performance by assessing the effects of unilateral lesions of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons on sustained attention performance. Loss of(More)
The development and validation of animal models of the cognitive impairments of schizophrenia have remained challenging subjects. We review evidence from a series of experiments concerning an animal model that dissociates between the disruption of attentional capacities during acute illness periods and the cognitive load-dependent impairments that(More)
The absence of effective cognition enhancers for the treatment of patients with schizophrenia limits the validation of animal models and behavioral tests used for drug finding and characterization. However, low doses of haloperidol and clozapine were documented to produce moderately beneficial effects in patients. Therefore, this experiment was designed to(More)