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Astrocytes participate in neuroendocrine functions partially through modulation of synaptic input density in the hypothalamus. Indeed, glial ensheathing of neurons is modified by specific hormones, thus determining the availability of neuronal membrane space for synaptic inputs, with the loss of this plasticity possibly being involved in pathological(More)
We have studied the GH-insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis in patients with anorexia nervosa at the time of diagnosis and at two points during weight recuperation. We report their spontaneous GH secretion and IGF-I, free IGF-I (fIGF-I), IGF-II, the IGF-binding proteins (IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3), and GH-binding protein (GHBP) levels at the time of(More)
The protective effects of insulin-like growth factor I on the somatostatin (SRIF) system in the temporal cortex after beta-amyloid (Abeta) injury may be mediated through its N-terminal tripeptide glycine-proline-glutamate (GPE). GPE is cleaved to cyclo[Pro-Gly] (cPG), a metabolite suggested to mediate in neuroprotective actions. We evaluated the effects of(More)
The effect of Gly-Pro-Glu (GPE) on the somatostatinergic system of the temporal cortex in amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) treated rats was investigated. Intracerebroventricular Abeta25-35 administration for 14 days (300 pmol/day) to ovariectomized rats produced a marked reduction in somatostatin (SRIF) content, SRIF receptor density and reduced the inhibitory(More)
The system KISS1-KISS1R is one of the main regulators of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and constitutes a link between metabolism and reproduction through its interaction with leptin. The aim of this study was to clarify the possible utility of kisspeptin as a pubertal marker and/or the possible influence of nutritional status in kisspeptin levels.(More)
Kisspeptin, the product of the hypothalamic KISS1 gene, is a main regulator of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and could be a link between metabolism and reproduction through its interaction with leptin. Kisspeptin could be involved in gonadotropin regulation and responsive to leptin levels from the first stages of life, exhibiting, as does leptin,(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the cerebral deposition of senile plaques that are mainly composed of a set of peptides referred to as amyloid beta-peptides (Abeta). Among the numerous neuropeptides produced in intrinsic cortical and hippocampal neurons, somatostatin (SRIF) has been found to be the most consistently reduced in the brain and(More)
Serum levels of insulin and insulin-like growth factors and their binding proteins (IGFs and IGFBPs, respectively) are changed in human neurodegenerative diseases of very different etiology, such as Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or cerebellar ataxia. However, the significance of these endocrine disturbances is not clear. We now report(More)
Since nicotine and somatostatin have regulatory effects on locomotor activity it was of interest to determine whether the receptors for somatostatin are modulated by the cholinergic nicotine-like effects. An i.v. dose of 0.3 mg/kg nicotine induced an increase in the concentrations of somatostatin-like immunoreactivity at 4 min in the parietal cortex and at(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) has protective effects against beta-amyloid (Abeta)-induced neuronal cell death. Because alterations of the somatostatinergic system have been described in Alzheimer's disease, we investigated the effects of the Abeta peptide and the possible protective role of IGF-I on the somatostatinergic system of the rat temporal(More)