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Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a serious complication of end-stage liver disease, occurring mainly in patients with advanced cirrhosis and ascites, who have marked circulatory dysfunction,1 as well as in patients with acute liver failure.2 In spite of its functional nature, HRS is associated with a poor prognosis,3 4 and the only effective treatment is liver(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We applied advanced magnetic resonance imaging and Voxed based Morphometry analysis to assess brain tissue density in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS Forty eight patients with cirrhosis without overt hepatic encephalopathy (17 Child A, 13 Child B, and 18 Child C) and 51 healthy subjects were matched for age and sex. Seventeen patients(More)
OBJECTIVES To propose an improvement on the current classification of renal dysfunction in cirrhosis. Clinicians caring for patients with cirrhosis recognize that the development of renal dysfunction is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. While most cases of renal dysfunction in cirrhosis are functional in nature, developed as a result of(More)
We recently demonstrated that ω-3-polyunsaturated fatty acids ameliorate obesity-induced adipose tissue inflammation and insulin resistance. In this study, we report novel mechanisms underlying ω-3-polyunsaturated fatty acid actions on adipose tissue, adipocytes, and stromal vascular cells (SVC). Inflamed adipose tissue from high-fat diet-induced obese mice(More)
Bacterial infections are very common and represent one of the most important reasons of progression of liver failure, development of liver-related complications, and mortality in patients with cirrhosis. In fact, bacterial infections may be a triggering factor for the occurrence of gastrointestinal bleeding, hypervolemic hyponatremia, hepatic(More)
Activation of Kupffer cells is a prominent feature of necro-inflammatory liver injury. We have recently demonstrated that 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) and its accessory protein, 5-LO-activating protein (FLAP), are essential for the survival of Kupffer cells in culture, as their inhibition drives these liver resident macrophages to programmed cell death. In the(More)
Statins exert beneficial effects in chronically damaged tissues. Angiotensin II (ANG II) participates in liver fibrogenesis by inducing oxidative stress, inflammation, and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) expression. We investigate whether atorvastatin modulates ANG II-induced pathogenic effects in the liver. Male Wistar rats were infused with(More)
The mechanism by which ascites develops in cirrhosis is multifactorial Severe sinusoidal portal hypertension and hepatic insufficiency are the initial factors. They lead to a circulatory dysfunction characterized by arterial vasodilation, arterial hypotension, high cardiac output and hypervolemia and to renal sodium and water retention. There are evidences(More)
We examined whether angiotensin (Ang) II receptor antagonists could be considered a therapeutic strategy in steatotic and nonsteatotic livers in conditions of partial hepatectomy under ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), which is commonly applied in clinical practice to reduce blood loss. We report that Ang II type I receptor (AT1R) antagonist, but not Ang II type(More)