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OBJECTIVES To propose an improvement on the current classification of renal dysfunction in cirrhosis. Clinicians caring for patients with cirrhosis recognize that the development of renal dysfunction is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. While most cases of renal dysfunction in cirrhosis are functional in nature, developed as a result of(More)
Activation of Kupffer cells is a prominent feature of necro-inflammatory liver injury. We have recently demonstrated that 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) and its accessory protein, 5-LO-activating protein (FLAP), are essential for the survival of Kupffer cells in culture, as their inhibition drives these liver resident macrophages to programmed cell death. In the(More)
BACKGROUND Biomarkers are potentially useful in assessment of outcomes in patients with cirrhosis, but information is very limited. Given the large number of biomarkers, adequate choice of which biomarker(s) to investigate first is important. AIM Analysis of potential usefulness of a panel of urinary biomarkers in outcome assessment in cirrhosis. (More)
Chronic liver diseases are characterized by a sustained inflammatory response in which chemokines and chemokine-receptors orchestrate inflammatory cell recruitment. In this study we investigated the role of the chemokine receptor CCR6 in acute and chronic liver injury. In the absence of liver injury Ccr6-/- mice presented a higher number of hepatic(More)
INTRODUCTION Hyponatremia is a marker of poor prognosis in patients with cirrhosis. This analysis aimed to assess if hyponatremia also has prognostic value in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF), a syndrome characterized by acute decompensation of cirrhosis, organ failure(s) and high short-term mortality. METHODS We performed an analysis(More)
At the recent ISHEN (‘International Symposium of Hepatic Encephalopathy & Nitrogen Metabolism’) conference in London, a whole session was dedicated to our increasing awareness of the importance of inflammation in the brain - termed ‘neuroinflammation’, in the development of Hepatic Encephalopathy (HE) - the neurological manifestations of advanced liver(More)
Alcoholic hepatitis (AH) is the most severe form of alcoholic liver disease for which there are no effective therapies. Patients with AH show impaired hepatocyte proliferation, expansion of inefficient ductular cells and high lipopolysaccharide (LPS) levels. It is unknown whether LPS mediates ductular cell expansion. We performed transcriptome studies and(More)
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