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During terminal differentiation of skeletal myoblasts, cells fuse to form postmitotic multinucleated myotubes that cannot reinitiate DNA synthesis. Here we investigated the temporal relationships among these events during in vitro differentiation of C2C12 myoblasts. Cells expressing myogenin, a marker for the entry of myoblasts into the differentiation(More)
The terminal differentiation of C2C12 skeletal muscle cells involves the activation of unique sets of genes and an irreversible withdrawal from the cell cycle. This process is associated with a decrease in cdk2 activity in cell extracts. The decrease in cdk2 activity correlates with diminished levels of cdk2 and cyclin A and with a marked induction of the(More)
A-type lamins (lamins A and C), encoded by the LMNA gene, are major protein constituents of the mammalian nuclear lamina, a complex structure that acts as a scaffold for protein complexes that regulate nuclear structure and functions. Interest in these proteins has increased in recent years with the discovery that LMNA mutations cause a variety of human(More)
The molecular basis of atherosclerosis is associated with excessive proliferation of vascular cells. Previous studies have suggested an inverse correlation between the expression of the growth suppressor p27(Kip1) (p27) and cellular proliferation within human atherosclerotic tissue. However, no causal link between diminished p27 expression and atherogenesis(More)
The recently cloned Clox (Cut-like homeo box) and CDP (CCAAT displacement protein), two mammalian counterparts of the Drosophila Cut homeo protein, correspond to alternatively spliced products of the same gene (mClox, for mammalian Cut-like homeo box). Although these proteins reportedly bind to apparently unrelated DNA sequences, we show by in vitro(More)
Excessive proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to vessel renarrowing after angioplasty. Here we investigated the transcriptional regulation of the cyclin A gene, a key positive regulator of S phase that is induced after angioplasty. We show that Ras-dependent mitogenic signaling is essential for the normal stimulation of cyclin(More)
As orchestrators of essential cellular processes like proliferation, ERK1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinase signals impact on cell cycle regulation. A-type lamins are major constituents of the nuclear matrix that also control the cell cycle machinery by largely unknown mechanisms. In this paper, we disclose a functional liaison between ERK1/2 and lamin A(More)
In the present study we have analysed the regulation of pocket protein expression and post-transcriptional modifications on cell proliferation and differentiation, both in vivo and in vitro. There are marked changes in pocket protein levels during these transitions, the most striking differences being observed between p130 and p107. The mechanisms(More)
OBJECTIVE Genetic ablation of the growth suppressor p27(Kip1) (p27) in the mouse aggravates atherosclerosis coinciding with enhanced arterial cell proliferation. However, it is unknown whether molecular mechanisms that limit p27's protective function contribute to atherosclerosis development and whether p27 exerts proliferation-independent activities in the(More)