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To explain how daughter chromosomes are separated into discrete nucleoids and why chromosomes are partitioned with pole preferences, I propose that differential gene expression occurs during DNA replication in Escherichia coli. This differential gene expression means that the daughter chromosomes have different patterns of gene expression and that cell(More)
Chromosome separation and segregation must be executed within a bacterial cell in which the membrane and cytoplasm are highly structured. Here, we develop a strand-specific model based on each of the future daughter chromosomes being associated with a different set of structures or hyperstructures in an asymmetric cell. The essence of the segregation(More)
To help investigate the relationship between inflammatory and other diseases and the composition of the gut microbiota, we propose that a positive-feedback loop exists between the preferences of the host for a particular dietary regimen, the composition of the gut microbiota that depends on this regimen, and the preferences of the host as influenced by the(More)
We have used an antibody to a previously identified 180 kDa (Hmp1) protein in Escherichia coli to clone the corresponding gene, which encodes a polypeptide of 114 kDa that has a mobility equivalent to 180 kDa in SDS/PAGE. We have demonstrated that the 180 kDa polypeptide is the primary gene product and not due to aggregation with other molecules. Moreover,(More)
When bacteria contain two chromosomes, two or more copies of the same gene are present in the same cytoplasm and, if these copies are subject to negative regulation in trans and positive (autocatalytic) regulation in cis, one copy will be expressed at the expense of the other copy(ies). This autocatalytic process depends on the coupled transcription, or(More)
When subjected to an appropriate asymmetric stimulus, seedlings of Bidens pilosa L. "store" a symmetry-breaking instruction that will finally take effect (in the form of a differential growth of the cotyledonary buds) only if the plants are in a state in which they can "recall" this information. The ability of the plants to recall the stored(More)
To address central problems in the origin of life such as the formation of linear polymers composed of only a small number of types of molecules, we have modeled the distribution of peptides in lipid monolayers. We show that short peptides and amino acids accumulate at the boundary between lipid domains, and that the concentration towards the boundary is(More)
Fundamental problems faced by the protocells and their modern descendants include how to go from one phenotypic state to another; escape from a basin of attraction in the space of phenotypes; reconcile conflicting growth and survival strategies (and thereby live on ‘the scales of equilibria’); and create a coherent, reproducible phenotype from a multitude(More)
The patterns characteristic of certain liquid crystals called 'twisted nematics' or 'cholesterics' have been observed in thin sections of both dinoflagellates and bacterial chromosomes. These liquid crystals have also been obtained in vitro in concentrated DNA solutions. A large part of DNA in prokaryotic chromosomes forms such a twisted liquid crystal,(More)