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Development of immature T-cell precursors (thymocytes) to either the CD4 helper or CD8 killer T-cell lineages correlates precisely with their T-cell receptor specificity for major histocompatibility complex class II or class I molecules, respectively, indicating that the process is carefully regulated. Although intensively studied owing to its importance in(More)
Thymocytes from mice lacking the CD3delta chain of the T-cell receptor (TCR), unlike those of other CD3-deficient mice, progress from a CD4- CD8- double-negative to a CD4+ CD8+ double-positive stage. However, CD3delta-/- double-positive cells fail to undergo positive selection, by which double-positive cells differentiate into more mature thymocytes.(More)
The CD3 complex found associated with the T cell receptor (TCR) is essential for signal transduction following TCR engagement. During T cell development, TCR-mediated signalling promotes the transition from one developmental stage to the next and controls whether a thymocyte undergoes positive or negative selection. The roles of particular CD3 components in(More)
Developing alphabeta T cells diverge into the CD4 and CD8 lineages as they mature in the thymus. It is unclear whether lineage commitment is mechanistically distinct from the process that selects for the survival of T cells with useful T cell receptor (TCR) specificities (positive selection). In HD mice, which lack mature CD4+ T cells, major(More)
We have identified a spontaneous mutation in mice, which we term HD for "helper T cell deficient." This mouse is distinguished by the virtual absence of peripheral T cells of the CD4(+)8(-) major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-restricted T helper subset due to a specific block in thymic development. The developmental defect is selective for(More)
For a virus to establish a neuronal infection, it must spread from its primary site of infection to the central nervous system (CNS) before immune-mediated clearance occurs. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) is a murine pathogen that can result in persistent neuronal infection in newborn mice and in adults that lack CD8(+) T cells. To determine the(More)
Maturation of immature CD4-CD8- (DN) thymocytes to the CD4+CD8+ (DP) stage of development is driven by signals transduced through a pre-T cell receptor (TCR) complex, whose hallmark is a novel subunit termed pre-T alpha (pT alpha). However, the precise role of pre-TCRs in mediating the DN to DP transition remains unclear. Moreover, progress in understanding(More)
The preTCR is associated with signal-transducing CD3gamma, delta, epsilon, and zeta polypeptides. It is generally agreed that CD3 chains play redundant roles in the receptor-mediated signal transduction. In the present study, we show that the intracytoplasmic (IC) domain of CD3epsilon is essential for early thymocyte maturation. We demonstrate that the IC(More)
The HIV-1 Nef protein is a major determinant of HIV-1 pathogenicity. It has been found to induce thymocyte depletion, but the mechanisms involved are not completely understood. Also, nothing is known about its effects on thymocyte selection. We used the CD4C/HIV(Nef) transgenic (Tg) mice, which develop a profound CD4(+) T cell lymphopenia, to study their(More)
The alphabeta TCR has recently been suggested to function as an anisotropic mechanosensor during immune surveillance, converting mechanical energy into a biochemical signal upon specific peptide/MHC ligation of the alphabeta clonotype. The heterodimeric CD3epsilongamma and CD3epsilondelta subunits, each composed of two Ig-like ectodomains, form unique(More)