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The retina experiences mitochondrial dysfunction in diabetes, superoxide levels are elevated, and mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) activity is decreased. Inhibition of superoxide accumulation in diabetes prevents mitochondrial dysfunction, apoptosis of retinal capillary cells, and the development of retinal histopathology. The purpose of this(More)
PURPOSE Increased superoxide levels are implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy. We have shown that functional activation of a small molecular weight G-protein, H-Ras, is one of the signaling steps involved in glucose-induced apoptosis of retinal capillary cells. The goal of this study was to elucidate the mechanism(s) by which oxidative(More)
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