Vibhas S. Mujumdar

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Homocyst(e)ine injured vascular endothelium and modulated endothelial-dependent vascular function. Endothelium plays an analogous role in both the vessel and the endocardium. Therefore, we hypothesized that homocyst(e)ine modulated endocardial endothelium (EE) dependent cardiac function. The ex vivo cardiac rings from normal male Wistar-Kyoto rats were(More)
Hyperhomocyst(e)inemia in patients with coronary and peripheral arterial occlusion has been demonstrated by others. Redox-state of homocyst(e)ine causes dysfunction of endothelial cells and promote growth of vascular smooth muscle cells. The role of tissue, protein bound and unbound, oxidative mixed disulfides in the development of fibrous plaque in(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated a relationship between hyperhomocysteinemia and endothelial dysfunction, reduced bioavailability of nitric oxide, elastinolysis and, vascular muscle cell proliferation. In vivo decreased nitric oxide production is associated with increased matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity and formation of nitrotyrosine. To test the(More)
Homocysteine found in the plasma of patients with coronary heart disease, induces vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and increases deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) components. Yet, the mechanism by which homocysteine mediates this effect and its role in vascular disease is largely unknown. We hypothesized that homocysteine induces ECM(More)
OBJECTIVE Extracellular matrix, particularly type I fibrillar collagen, provides tensile strength that allows cardiac muscle to perform systolic and diastolic functions. Collagen is induced during the transition from compensatory hypertrophy to heart failure. We hypothesized that cardiac stiffness during decompensatory hypertrophy is partly due to a(More)
Previous studies demonstrated that transition from compensatory pressure overload hypertrophy to decompensatory volume overload heart failure is associated with decreased cardiac tensile strength and activation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) in spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). To test the hypothesis that in the absence of nitric oxide activation of(More)
Hyperhomocyst(e)inemia has been associated with the development of hypertension, stroke, and cardiovascular, cerebral/neuronal, renal, and liver diseases. To test the hypothesis that homocyst(e)ine plays an integrated role in multiorgan injury in hypertension, we employed: (1) spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) in which endogenous homocyst(e)ine levels(More)
In the normal heart, cardiomyocytes are surrounded by extracellular matrix (ECM) and latent matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which are produced primarily by cardiac fibroblasts. An activator of latent MMPs might be induced by ischemic conditions or pressure-induced stretching. To test the hypothesis that an activator of latent MMP is induced in the(More)
To test the hypothesis that homocysteine induces constrictive vascular remodeling by inactivating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR), aortic endothelial cells (ECs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) were isolated. Collagen gels were prepared, and ECs or SMCs (10(5)) or SMCs + ECs (10(4)) were incorporated into the gels. To characterize PPAR,(More)
The role of L- and D-isomers of homocysteine (Hcy) in vascular versus endocardial endothelial (EE) remodeling and function is not well understood. The hypothesis is that Hcy decreases EE cell density by activating matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and by inducing left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in homocysteinemic hypertensive rats (HHR). And L- and(More)