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Upregulation of the immune response may be involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia with changes occurring in both peripheral blood and brain tissue. To date, microarray technology has provided a limited view of specific inflammatory transcripts in brain perhaps due to sensitivity issues. Here we used SOLiD Next Generation Sequencing to quantify(More)
Blockade of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) produces behavior in healthy people that is similar to the psychotic symptoms and cognitive deficits of schizophrenia and can exacerbate symptoms in people with schizophrenia. However, an endogenous brain disruption of NMDARs has not been clearly established in schizophrenia. We measured mRNA transcripts(More)
The schizophrenia brain is differentiated from the normal brain by subtle changes, with significant overlap in measures between normal and disease states. For the past 25 years, schizophrenia has increasingly been considered a neurodevelopmental disorder. This frame of reference challenges biological researchers to consider how pathological changes(More)
Although changes to neural circuitry are believed to underlie behavioural characteristics mediated by the hippocampus, the contribution of neurogenesis to this process remains controversial. This is partially because the molecular regulators of neurogenesis remain to be fully elucidated, and experiments generically preventing neurogenesis have, for the most(More)
BACKGROUND Although there is evidence that post-mortem interval (PMI) is not a major contributor to reduced overall RNA integrity, it may differentially affect a subgroup of gene transcripts that are susceptible to PMI-related degradation. This would particularly have ramifications for microarray studies that include a broad spectrum of genes. METHOD(More)
It is widely acknowledged that neurogenesis occurs in the adult hippocampus under normal conditions and that the rate can be regulated by environmental factors, including antidepressant drugs, with concomitant effects on behaviour. Using a quick and sensitive flow cytometry method that can assess changes in the number of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU)-positive(More)
This paper reviews the six published incidence studies of the relative risk of cancer in patients with schizophrenia compared with the general population. These studies used: incidence data, register case ascertainment, and controlled for age and sex. It is concluded that schizophrenia is associated with a lower risk of developing cancer. The role of(More)
OBJECTIVE Controversy concerning cancer incidence in schizophrenia exists because of heterogeneous study findings. METHOD A meta-analysis was performed on standardized incidence ratios (SIR) of cancer in patients with schizophrenia and first-degree relatives and compared with general population samples. RESULTS The pooled overall cancer incidence in(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine antipsychotic doses that achieve 80% striatal dopamine D2-receptor occupancy for haloperidol, risperidone and olanzapine in rats. Wistar rats were treated with normal saline vehicle (controls), haloperidol (0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg/day), risperidone (3, 5 and 6 mg/kg/day) and olanzapine (5 and 10 mg/kg/day) for 7(More)
Previous studies on schizophrenia have detected elevated cytokines in both brain and blood, suggesting neuroinflammation may contribute to the pathophysiology in some cases. We aimed to determine the extent to which elevated peripheral cytokine messenger RNA (mRNA) expression: (1) characterizes a subgroup of people with schizophrenia and (2) shows a(More)