Vibeke Baelum

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Oral health researchers have shown great interest in the relationship between the initial status of diseases and subsequent changes following treatment. Two main approaches have been adopted to provide evidence of a positive association between baseline values and their changes following treatment. One approach is to use correlation or regression to test(More)
BACKGROUND The need for appraisal of oral health-related quality of life has been increasingly recognized over the last decades. The aims of this study were to develop a Spanish version (OHIP-Sp) of the Oral Health Impact Profile and to evaluate its convergent and discriminative validity, and its internal consistency. METHODS The original 49-items OHIP(More)
BACKGROUND Dental treatment needs are commonly unmet among adolescents. It is therefore important to clarify the determinants of poor utilization of dental services among adolescents. METHODS A total of 9,203 Chilean students aged 12-21 years provided information on dental visits, oral health related behavior, perceived oral health status, and(More)
This aim of this paper is to spur a discussion of the direction of caries-lesion detection activities in clinical dental practice. It is argued that since the dental clinician's caries-related decision making is a script-matching enterprise in which clinical decisions are made on the basis of 'this-lesion-needs-this-kind-of-treatment' reasoning, the methods(More)
The relationship between initial disease status and subsequent change following treatment has attracted great interest in dental research. However, medical statisticians have repeatedly warned against correlating/regressing change with baseline because of two methodological concerns known as mathematical coupling and regression to the mean. In general,(More)
Analysis of change is probably the most commonly adopted study design in medical and dental research when comparing the efficacy of two or more treatment modalities. The most commonly used methods for testing the difference in treatment efficacy are the two-sample t-test and the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). It has been suggested that ancova should be(More)
The aim of this study was to assess and quantify the random effects resulting from clustering in the following individual-level periodontal outcomes: presence of clinical attachment loss of > or = 1 mm (CAL1), presence of clinical attachment loss of > or = 3 mm (CAL3), and presence of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (NUG); or in the following class-level(More)
BACKGROUND It has been shown that the prevalence of both clinical attachment loss (CAL) ≥1 mm and pocket probing depth (PPD) ≥4 mm is relatively high even in younger dogs, but also that only a minority of the dogs have such clinical signs of periodontal disease (PD) in more than a few teeth. Hence, a minority of dogs carry the major PD burden. These(More)
This study describes the variations in the reproducibility of attachment level recordings for different subjects at different examinations. Twenty patients with different degrees of periodontal disease were recruited and examined bi-monthly for their attachment levels using an electronic probe in two quadrants and a conventional probe in the other two(More)