Vianney Pichereau

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Survival of bacteria in changing environments depends on their ability to adapt to abiotic stresses. Microorganisms used in food technology face acid stress during fermentation processes. Similarly, probiotic bacteria have to survive acid stress imposed within the stomach in order to reach the intestine and play a beneficial role. Propionibacteria are used(More)
Tolerance to digestive stresses is one of the main factors limiting the use of microorganisms as live probiotic agents. Susceptibility to bile salts and tolerance acquisition in the probiotic strain Propionibacterium freudenreichii SI41 were characterized. We showed that pretreatment with a moderate concentration of bile salts (0.2 g/liter) greatly(More)
Exponentially growing cells of Lactococcus lactis MG1363 are able to develop an Acid Tolerance Response (ATR) when incubated at pH 5, in both rich (M17)--and chemically defined (SA)--culture media. Physiological and proteomic characterization of this adaptive response indicated that L. lactis reorganizes its metabolism in response to acid stress to a great(More)
The response of Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 19433 to salt stress has been characterized previously in complex media. In this report, it has been demonstrated that this bacterium actively accumulates the osmoprotectant glycine betaine (GB) from salt-enriched complex medium BHI. To further understand the specific effects of GB and other osmoprotective(More)
Cyclopropane fatty acid synthase (cfa) catalyses the transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) to unsaturated fatty acids. Northern blot experiments demonstrated that the Lactococcus lactis MG1363 cfa gene is mainly expressed as a bicistronic transcript together with metK, the gene encoding SAM synthetase, and is highly induced by acidity.(More)
The three genes pduCDE encoding the diol dehydratase of Lactobacillus collinoides, have been cloned for overexpression in the pQE30 vector. Although the three subunits of the protein were highly induced, no activity was detected in cell extracts. The enzyme was therefore purified to near homogeneity by ammonium sulfate precipitation and gel filtration(More)
The Enterococcus faecalis general stress protein Gsp65 has been purified from two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Determination of its N-terminal sequence and characterization of the corresponding gene revealed that the gsp65 product is a 133-amino-acid protein sharing homologies with organic hydroperoxide resistance (Ohr) proteins. Transcriptional(More)
Intracellular accumulation of sucrose in response to lowered water activity seems to occur only in photosynthetic organisms. Here we demonstrate, for the first time, the potent ability of this common sugar, supplied exogenously, to reduce growth inhibition of Sinorhizobium meliloti cells in media of inhibitory osmolarity. Independently of the nature of the(More)
Coastal ecosystems are increasingly disturbed by the increase of mean sea surface temperature and expansion of hypoxic areas. The objectives of the present work were to describe and compare the respiratory responses to combined heat and hypoxia in two bivalve species (Pecten maximus and Mytilus spp.) living in two contrasted coastal habitats (subtidal and(More)
Sucrose and ectoine (1,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2-methyl-4-pyrimidine carboxylic acid) are very unusual osmoprotectants for Sinorhizobium meliloti because these compounds, unlike other bacterial osmoprotectants, do not accumulate as cytosolic osmolytes in salt-stressed S. meliloti cells. Here, we show that, in fact, sucrose and ectoine belong to a new family of(More)