Višnja Stepanić

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The M05-2X/6-311++G(d,p) and B3LYP-D2/6-311++G(d,p) models are used to evaluate scavenging potency of gallic acid. The hydrogen atom transfer (HAT), sequential proton loss electron transfer (SPLET), and single electron transfer followed by proton transfer (SET-PT) mechanisms of gallic acid with some radicals ((•)OO(-), (•)OH, and CH3OO(•)) were investigated(More)
Macrolides with 14- and 15-membered ring are characterized by high and extensive tissue distribution, as well as good cellular accumulation and retention. Since macrolide structures do not fit the Lipinski rule of five, macrolide pharmacokinetic properties cannot be successfully predicted by common models based on data for small molecules. Here we describe(More)
Flavonoids have long been recognised for their general health-promoting properties, of which their antioxidant activity may play an important role. In this work, we have studied the properties of flavonoid morin using semiempirical and density functional theory (DFT) methods in order to validate the application of the recently developed parametric method 6(More)
Current antibacterial chemotherapeutics are facing an alarming increase in bacterial resistance pressuring the search for novel agents that would expand the available therapeutic arsenal against resistant bacterial pathogens. In line with these efforts, a series of 9 amidine derivatives of 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene were synthesized and, together with 18(More)
Various plant polyphenols have been recognized as redox active molecules. This review discusses some aspects of polyphenols' modes of redox action, corresponding structure-activity relationships and their potential to be applied as adjuvants to conventional cytostatic drugs. Polyphenols' antioxidative capacity has been discussed as the basis for targeting(More)
The 1H(+)/1e(-) and 2H(+)/2e(-) proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) processes of free radical scavenging by flavonoids were theoretically studied for aqueous and lipid environments using the PM6 and PM7 methods. The results reported here indicate that the significant contribution of the second PCET mechanism, resulting in the formation of a(More)
Due to intramolecular H-atom transfer, deprotonation of the most acidic 3-OH group of morin yields 2'-O(-) phenoxide anion. The reaction enthalpies related to mechanisms of free radical scavenging activity of this dominant species at a physiological pH of 7.4 were calculated by PM6 and DFT methods in gas-phase, water, benzene and DMSO. Results indicate the(More)
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV is a glycoprotein which removes N-terminal dipeptides from physiologically relevant polypeptides. An homologous series of 6-imino-2-thioxo-5-{[3,4,5-tris(methyloxy)phenyl]methyl}-2,5-dihydro-4(3H)-pyrimidinones has been tested for inhibition of DPP IV activity. The inhibitory effects at 0.1 mM were observed. Enzyme kinetic studies(More)
The European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) provides an ideal framework to establish multi-disciplinary research networks. COST Action BM1203 (EU-ROS) represents a consortium of researchers from different disciplines who are dedicated to providing new insights and tools for better understanding redox biology and medicine and, in the long run,(More)
Macrolones are a new class of antimicrobial compounds consisting of a macrolide scaffold linked to a 4-quinolone-3-carboxylic acid moiety via C(4″) position of a macrolide. As macrolides are known to possess favorable pharmacokinetic properties by accumulating in inflammatory cells, in this study we determined the intensity of accumulation in human(More)