Vesselina Bozoukova

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Antigen specific immune responses were characterized after intramuscular immunization of BALB/c mice with 5 antigen encoding plasmid DNAs (pDNAs) complexed with Vaxfectin, a cationic lipid formulation. Vaxfectin increased IgG titers for all of the antigens with no effect on the CTL responses to the 2 antigens for which CTL assays were performed. Both(More)
This report characterizes Vaxfectin, a novel cationic and neutral lipid formulation which enhances antibody responses when complexed with an antigen-encoding plasmid DNA (pDNA). In mice, intramuscular injection of Vaxfectin formulated with pDNA encoding influenza nucleoprotein (NP) increased antibody titers up to 20-fold, to levels that could not be reached(More)
Preclinical studies were conducted in mice and rabbits to evaluate biodistribution/persistence and potential integration of plasmid DNA (pDNA) after intramuscular administration of a poloxamer-formulated pDNAbased vaccine, VCL-CT01, encoding gB, pp65, and IE1 human cytomegalovirus (hCMV) immunogens. Tissue distribution in mice vaccinated with VCL-CT01 was(More)
BACKGROUND Plasmid DNA (pDNA) vaccines have generated significant interest for the prevention or treatment of infectious diseases. Broader applications may benefit from the identification of safe and potent vaccine adjuvants. This report describes the development of a novel polymer-based formulation to enhance the immunogenicity of pDNA-based vaccines. (More)
Electroporation has been reported to facilitate naked DNA gene transfer in skeletal muscle, but has also been implicated in the pathogenesis of electrical injuries. To assess the effects of electroporation on gene transfer, mouse quadriceps muscles were injected with the luciferase reporter plasmid VR1255 and electroporated with caliper electrodes.(More)
Intramuscular injection of plasmid DNA results in myofiber cell expression of proteins encoded by the DNA. The preferred vehicle for plasmid DNA injections has been saline (154 mM sodium chloride) or PBS (154 mM NaCl plus 10 mM sodium phosphate). Here, it is shown that injection of luciferase or β-galactosidase encoding plasmid DNA in a 150 mM sodium(More)
Several formulated plasmid DNA (pDNA)-based vaccines are being evaluated for safety and efficacy in healthy human subjects. A safety concern for any vaccine that contains genetic material, be it whole organism, live-attenuated, or gene-based, is the potential for integration into genomic DNA (gDNA). To address this concern, a preclinical pDNA(More)
Mice were immunized either with unadjuvanted seasonal trivalent influenza vaccine (TIV) or TIV formulated with Vaxfectin, a cationic lipid-based adjuvant. Increasing doses of Vaxfectin resulted in increased hemagglutination-inhibition or anti-TIV ELISA antibody titers, with up to a 200-fold increase obtained with 900 microg of Vaxfectin. A >or=10-fold(More)
Experiments were conducted with a cationic lipid-formulated pDNA vaccine (VCL-AB01) to evaluate the models used to determine biodistribution, persistence and the potential for integration (into genomic DNA) of plasmid DNA-based vaccines. Mice were injected with a high-dose volume of 50 microL unilaterally containing approximately 1.33 x 10(13) plasmid copy(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) establishes a lifelong persistent infection characterized by periods of latency and sporadic viral replication and is a major infectious cause of birth defects following congenital infection. Currently, no licensed vaccine is available that would prevent CMV infection. In an effort to develop a prophylactic CMV vaccine, the(More)
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