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The effect of alcohol-aqueous extract (1:1) from Rhodiola rosea L. roots on the processes of learning and memory is studied on rats. Several methods of active avoidance with negative and positive reinforcements are used, as well as of passive avoidance. Using the maze-method with negative (punitive) reinforcement, it has been found that Rhodiola extract in(More)
Biogenic materials are produced by microorganisms and are typically found in a nanophase state. As such, they are difficult to characterize structurally. In this report, we demonstrate how high-energy X-ray diffraction and atomic pair distribution function analysis can be used to determine the atomic-scale structures of MnO(x) produced by bacteria and(More)
In experiments on albino rats, the authors studied the effects of meclofenoxate and Extr. Rhodiolae roseae on the memory-impairing action of convulsant electroshock. "Step-down" passive avoidance training with negative reinforcement was used to trace the changes in memory. Meclofenoxate administered i.p. in a dose of 100 mg/kg body weight for five days(More)
Chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) was used to study the effects of a long-term treatment with either caffeine (8 mg/kg, orally) or desipramine (DMI) (10 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) in Wistar rats. The CUS procedure was applied for 6 weeks. Animals underwent a 2-week drug-free CUS procedure. Drugs were administered for 4 weeks alongside the stress and both(More)
1. Behavioral responses to unilateral and bilateral microinjections of the 5-HT1A receptor antagonist, NAN190 [1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-4-[4-(2-phthalimido) butyl]piperazine hydrobromide] (1 microgram), into the hippocampal CA1 area of male Wistar rats were studied. 2. NAN190 decreased locomotor activity (the number of horizontal and vertical movements). The(More)
In experiments on 2-, 10- and 22-month-old rats it was found that the Bmax values of dopamine (DA2), serotonin (5-HT1) and enkephalin (Enk) receptors as well as the 5-HT level in the three brain regions (cortex, striatum and hypothalamus) decreased with age; the DA level in the brain cortex and striatum and the noradrenaline (NA) content in the brain cortex(More)
Caffeine at a dose of 40 mg/kg i.p. administered 60 min before testing for aggressive mouse-killing behavior in Wistar rats with isolation syndrome inhibited mouse-killing response in 48 per cent of the aggressive rats. When injected 60 min before two-way active avoidance training caffeine improved learning in grouped rats, did not facilitate it in isolated(More)
125I-insulin binding was studied in membrane preparations of olfactory bulb, frontal cortex, hippocampus and hypothalamus from mature (5-month-old) and aged (22-month-old) rats. In the young animals the highest level of specific insulin binding was found in the olfactory bulb, with lower values of specific insulin binding in the frontal cortex, hippocampus(More)
The behavioral responses of rats to uni- or bilateral microinjections of the octapeptide cholecystokinin (CCK-8) into the left and/or right or both nucleus accumbens (NA) or amygdalae were studied. There were two main findings of effects of microinjections of CCK-8 into NA. First, bilateral injections of CCK-8 into NA dose-dependently decreased the(More)
The behavioural and neurochemical effects of caffeine were examined in rats. The intraperitoneal administration of different doses of caffeine significantly decreased DOPAC concentrations in striatum, hypothalamus and frontal cortex, but increased them in nucleus accumbens. These observations suggest that the effects of caffeine on the central nervous(More)