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Regulation of post-transcriptional gene expression by microRNAs (miRNA) has so far been validated for only a few mRNA targets. Based on the large number of miRNA genes and the possibility that one miRNA might influence gene expression of several targets simultaneously, the quantity of ribo-regulated genes is expected to be much higher. Here, we describe the(More)
Along with its essential role in the maintenance of genome integrity, DNA methylation takes part in regulation of genes which are important for plant development and stress response. In plants, DNA methylation process can be directed by small RNAs in process known as RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM) involving two plant-specific RNA polymerases - PolIV(More)
Recent research data reveal complex, network-based interactions between mobile elements and regulatory systems of eukaryotic cells. In this article, we focus on regulatory interactions between Alu elements and micro RNAs (miRNAs). Our results show that the majority of the Alu sequences inserted in 3'UTRs of analyzed human genes carry strong potential target(More)
Organelle genomes evolve rapidly as compared with nuclear genomes and have been widely used for developing microsatellites or simple sequence repeats (SSRs) markers for delineating phylogenomics. In our previous reports, we have established the largest repository of organelle SSRs, ChloroMitoSSRDB, which provides access to 2161 organelle genomes (1982(More)
In this study we present a method of identifying Arabidopsis miRNA promoter elements using known transcription factor binding motifs. We provide a comparative analysis of the representation of these elements in miRNA promoters, protein-coding gene promoters, and random genomic sequences. We report five transcription factor (TF) binding motifs that show(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are one of the most abundant groups of regulatory genes in multicellular organisms, playing important roles in many fundamental cellular processes. More than four hundred miRNAs have been identified in humans and the deregulation of miRNA expression has been also shown in many cancers. Despite the postulated involvement of(More)
MicroRNAs are important negative regulators of gene expression in higher eukaryotes. The miRNA repertoire of the closest human animal relative, the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes), is largely unknown. In this study, we focused on computational search of novel miRNA homologs in chimpanzee. We have searched and analyzed the chimp homologs of the human pre-miRNA(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs, which are negative regulators of gene expression. Many genes in human uterine leiomyoma (ULM) are aberrantly expressed and in some cases this can be due to dysregulation of miRNAs. Here we present the first study to determine genome-wide miRNA expression patterns in uterine leiomyoma and myometrium(More)
We present an open-access web platform isomiRex, to identify isomiRs and on the fly graphical visualization of the differentially expressed miRNAs in control as well as treated library. The open-access web-platform is not restricted only to NGS sequence dataset from animals and potentially analyzes a wider dataset for plants, animals and viral NGS dataset(More)
Plants defend themselves against virus/viroid infection by induction of a mechanism of viral RNA degradation or translation inhibition. This is achieved by the production of small RNAs referred to as small interfering RNAs and microRNA, the key molecules in establishment of RNA directed silencing. Potato Spindle Tuber Viroid (PSTVd) was the first viroid(More)