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The prompt and adequate detection of abnormal cardiac conditions by computer-assisted long-term monitoring systems depends greatly on the reliability of the implemented ECG automatic analysis technique, which has to discriminate between different types of heartbeats. In this paper, we present a comparative study of the heartbeat classification abilities of(More)
This study aims to contribute to the scarce data available about the abilities of untrained lay persons to perform hands-only cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on a manikin and the improvement of their skills during training with an autonomous CPR feedback device. The study focuses on the following questions: (i) Is there a need for such a CPR training(More)
Minimum "hands-off" intervals during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are required to improve the success rate of defibrillation. In support of such life-saving practice, a shock advisory system (SAS) for automatic analysis of the electrocardiogram (ECG) contaminated by chest compression (CC) artefacts is presented. Ease of use for the automated external(More)
We propose a quasi real-time method for discrimination of ventricular ectopic beats from both supraventricular and paced beats in the electrocardiogram (ECG). The heartbeat waveforms were evaluated within a fixed-length window around the fiducial points (100 ms before, 450 ms after). Our algorithm was designed to operate with minimal expert intervention and(More)
The automatic external defibrillator (AED) is a lifesaving device, which processes and analyses the electrocardiogram (ECG) and delivers a defibrillation shock to terminate ventricular fibrillation or tachycardia above 180 bpm. The built-in algorithm for ECG analysis has to discriminate between shockable and non-shockable rhythms and its accuracy,(More)
The present work describes fast computation methods for real-time digital filtration and QRS detection, both applicable in autonomous personal ECG systems for long-term monitoring. Since such devices work under considerable artifacts of intensive body and electrode movements, the input filtering should provide high-quality ECG signals supporting the(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral nerves are situated in a highly non-homogeneous environment, including muscles, bones, blood vessels, etc. Time-varying magnetic field stimulation of the median and ulnar nerves in the carpal region is studied, with special consideration of the influence of non-homogeneities. METHODS A detailed three-dimensional finite element model(More)
BACKGROUND Transthoracic defibrillation is the most common life-saving technique for the restoration of the heart rhythm of cardiac arrest victims. The procedure requires adequate application of large electrodes on the patient chest, to ensure low-resistance electrical contact. The current density distribution under the electrodes is non-uniform, leading to(More)
The reliable recognition and adequate electrical shock therapy of life-threatening cardiac states depend on the electrocardiogram (ECG) descriptors which are used by the defibrillator-embedded automatic arrhythmia analysis algorithms. We propose a method for real-time ECG processing and parameter set extraction using band-pass digital filtration and ECG(More)
This paper presents a system for detection of the most common noise types seen on the electrocardiogram (ECG) in order to evaluate whether an episode from 12-lead ECG is reliable for diagnosis. It implements criteria for estimation of the noise corruption level in specific frequency bands, aiming to identify the main sources of ECG quality disruption, such(More)