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Oral premedication with enalapril, 0.1 mg/kg was compared with placebo in 22 patients subjected to craniotomy and ligation of an intracranial aneurysm or extirpation of an arteriovenous malformation. Balanced hypotensive anesthesia was used with sodium nitroprusside (SNP) as the main hypotensive agent. The hypertensive response to laryngoscopy and tracheal(More)
Plant stanols reduce the absorption of both dietary and biliary cholesterol. The aim of this study was to examine the stability of plant stanols in the form of plant stanol esters in spreads and biscuits stored under typical storage conditions. The plant stanol content of two commercial margarine-type spreads, containing 35% and 60% absorbable fat, was 6.5(More)
To study which structures of a kidney allograft are the main targets for cytomegalovirus (CMV), human glomerular epithelial and mesangial cells, as well as tubular epithelial and endothelial cells were isolated by steel meshes of different pore sizes and enzymatic treatments. The various cultured cell types were characterized by morphology and specific(More)
After cranial subcutaneous injection of lidocaine 0.8-3.7 mg/kg+adrenaline (epinephrine) 1:200,000 in neurosurgical patients, fast drug absorption was found with peak plasma concentrations of 0.6-1 microgram/ml in 5-10 min. However, the concentrations remained above the lowest effective antiarrhythmic level of 0.6 microgram/ml for only about 10 min. In one(More)
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