Veronika Schaefer

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Reproduction in plants often requires animal vectors. Fruit and flower colors are traditionally viewed as an adaptation to facilitate detection for pollinators and seed dispersers. This longstanding hypothesis predicts that fruits are easier to detect against their own leaves compared with those of different species. We tested this hypothesis by analyzing(More)
Fundamental concepts about the diversity and evolution of signals have been developed mainly in the context of sexual selection. Here, we review the functional ecology of signals in a different context, that of plant–animal interactions. The visual signals of fruits and flowers are relatively constant and clear in the message that they convey. Thus, plant(More)
Although many studies have been published on avian fruit selection, few have addressed the effects of fruit scarcity on the patterns of fruit choice. Here, we compared the consumption of seven bird species for six simultaneously present maturation stages of Goupia glabra fruits. Ripe G. glabra fruits contain more lipids, carbohydrates and energy, and fewer(More)