Learn More
Dicroceliosis, a lancet fluke infection, is a frequent parasitosis of small ruminants and the anthelmintic drug albendazole (ABZ) is effective in control of this parasitosis. The aim of our project was to study the metabolism of ABZ and ABZ sulphoxide (ABZ.SO) in lancet fluke. Both invitro (subcellular fractions of fluke homogenates) and exvivo experiments(More)
As the Ah receptor target gene products play a critical role in chemical carcinogenesis, antagonists are considered as potential chemopreventive agents. It is demonstrated in this paper that the isothiocyanates R,S-sulforaphane and erucin are non-competitive antagonists of the aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor. Both isothiocyanates were poor agonists for the(More)
Parasitic infections can modify the host's ability to metabolize drugs and other xenobiotics by altering the biotransformation enzymes; these changes may have various pharmacological, toxicological or physiological consequences. In our study, several activities of liver biotransformation enzymes and in vitro metabolism of albendazole (ABZ) were tested and(More)
Flubendazole (FLU) is indicated for control of helminthoses in pig and avian species (monogastric animals) and its corresponding pharmacokinetics are well known. The information on FLU's pharmacokinetic behavior in animal species with forestomach (ruminants) has been limited although the use of FLU in these species could be beneficial. The aim of this study(More)
Haemonchus contortus is one of the most pathogenic parasites of small ruminants (e.g., sheep and goat). The treatment of haemonchosis is complicated because of frequent resistance of H. contortus to common anthelmintics. The development of resistance can be facilitated by the action of drug metabolizing enzymes of parasites that can deactivate anthelmintics(More)
Although benzimidazole anthelmintic flubendazole, methyl ester of [5-(4-fluorobenzoyl)-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl]carbamic acid, is extensively used in veterinary and human medicine for the treatment of gastrointestinal parasitic helminth infections, reliable data about its pharmacokinetics in various species have not been reported. Our previous work [M. Nobilis,(More)
The aim of this project was to study the influence of haemonchosis, a common parasitic infection of small ruminants caused by Haemonchus contortus, on the activity of biotransformation enzymes and on in vitro flubendazole (FLU) biotransformation in liver and small intestine of lambs (Ovis aries). Twelve lambs were divided into three groups: non-infected(More)
Flubendazole (FLU) is a widely administered benzimidazole anthelmintic indicated for the control of parasitic diseases in farm animals including pigs and pheasants. This study was designed to test the biotransformation of FLU in control animals and animals treated with FLU in recommended therapeutic doses. The activities of several pheasant and porcine(More)
The effect of flubendazole (FLU) therapy on in vitro FLU biotransformation and the activities of selected biotransformation enzymes were investigated in male and female lambs. Four experimental groups were used: control (untreated) ewes and rams and FLU-treated ewes and rams (orally, 15 mg/kg per day, for three consecutive days). Subcellular fractions were(More)
  • 1