Learn More
Copper is implicated in the in vitro formation and toxicity of Alzheimer's disease amyloid plaques containing the beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptide (Bush, A. I., et al. (2003) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 100, 11934). By low temperature electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy, the importance of the N-terminus in creating the Cu(2+) binding site in(More)
Amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide is the principal constituent of plaques associated with Alzheimer's disease and is thought to be responsible for the neurotoxicity associated with the disease. Metal ions have been hypothesized to play a role in the formation and neurotoxicity of aggregates associated with Alzheimer's disease (Bush, A. I.; et al. Proc. Natl.(More)
The role of metal ions in Alzheimer's disease etiology is unresolved. For the redox-active metal ions iron and copper, the formation of reactive oxygen species by metal amyloid complexes has been proposed to contribute to Alzheimer's disease neurodegeneration. For copper, reactive oxygen species are generated by copper redox cycling between its 1+ and 2+(More)
Oxidative stress has been suggested to contribute to neuronal apoptosis associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Copper may participate in oxidative stress through redox-cycling between its +2 and +1 oxidation states to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS). In vitro, copper binds to the amyloid-beta peptide of AD, and in vivo, copper is associated with(More)
Telomeres at the ends of human chromosomes contain the repeating sequence 5'-d[(TTAGGG)(n)]-3'. Oxidative damage of guanine in DNAs that contain telomeric and nontelomeric sequence generates 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8OG) preferentially in the telomeric segment, because GGG sequences are more reactive in duplex DNA. We have developed a general strategy for(More)
When acetate-inhibited photosystem II (PSII) membranes are illuminated at temperatures above 250 K and quickly cooled to 77 K, a 240 G-wide electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) signal is observed at 10 K. This EPR signal arises from a reciprocal interaction between the spin 1/2 ground state of the S2 state of the Mn4 cluster, for which a multiline EPR(More)
Guanine quadruplexes (GQ) are four-stranded DNA structures formed by guanine-rich DNA sequences. The formation of GQs inhibits cancer cell growth, although the detection of GQs in vivo has proven difficult, in part because of their structural diversity. The development of GQ-selective fluorescent reporters would enhance our ability to quantify the number(More)
The electrochemical detection of nucleic acid targets at low concentrations has a number of applications in diagnostics and pharmaceutical research. Self-assembled monolayers of alkanethiol-derivatized oligonucleotides on gold electrodes provide a useful platform for such detectors, and the electrocatalytic oxidation of nucleobases included in the DNA(More)
Nucleic acids that contain multiple sequential guanines assemble into guanine quadruplexes (G-quadruplexes). Drugs that induce or stabilize G-quadruplexes are of interest because of their potential use as therapeutics. Previously, we reported on the interaction of the Cu(2+) derivative of 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(1-methyl-4-pyridyl)-21H,23H-porphine (CuTMpyP4),(More)