Veronika A. Szalai

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Amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide is the principal constituent of plaques associated with Alzheimer's disease and is thought to be responsible for the neurotoxicity associated with the disease. Metal ions have been hypothesized to play a role in the formation and neurotoxicity of aggregates associated with Alzheimer's disease (Bush, A. I.; et al. Proc. Natl.(More)
Copper is implicated in the in vitro formation and toxicity of Alzheimer's disease amyloid plaques containing the beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptide (Bush, A. I., et al. (2003) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 100, 11934). By low temperature electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy, the importance of the N-terminus in creating the Cu(2+) binding site in(More)
Oxidative stress has been suggested to contribute to neuronal apoptosis associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Copper may participate in oxidative stress through redox-cycling between its +2 and +1 oxidation states to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS). In vitro, copper binds to the amyloid-beta peptide of AD, and in vivo, copper is associated with(More)
The binding of chloride and acetate to photosystem II (PSII) was examined to elucidate the mechanism of acetate inhibition. The mode of inhibition was studied, and individual binding sites were assigned by steady-state O2 evolution measurements in correlation with electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) results. Two binding sites were found for acetate, one(More)
Copper has been proposed to play a role in Alzheimer's disease through interactions with the amyoid-beta (Abeta) peptide. The coordination environment of bound copper as a function of Cu:Abeta stoichiometry and Abeta oligomerization state are particularly contentious. Using low-temperature electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy, we(More)
Nucleic acids that contain multiple sequential guanines assemble into guanine quadruplexes (G-quadruplexes). Drugs that induce or stabilize G-quadruplexes are of interest because of their potential use as therapeutics. Previously, we reported on the interaction of the Cu2+ derivative of 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(1-methyl-4-pyridyl)-21H,23H-porphine (CuTMpyP4),(More)
G-quadruplexes are formed by association of DNA strands containing multiple contiguous guanines. The capability of drugs to induce formation of or stabilize G-quadruplexes is an active area of investigation. We report the interactions of CuTMpyP4, the Cu(2+) derivative of 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(1-methyl-4-pyridyl)-21H,23H-porphine, with the parallel-stranded(More)
The role of metal ions in Alzheimer's disease etiology is unresolved. For the redox-active metal ions iron and copper, the formation of reactive oxygen species by metal amyloid complexes has been proposed to contribute to Alzheimer's disease neurodegeneration. For copper, reactive oxygen species are generated by copper redox cycling between its 1+ and 2+(More)
Telomeres at the ends of human chromosomes contain the repeating sequence 5'-d[(TTAGGG)(n)]-3'. Oxidative damage of guanine in DNAs that contain telomeric and nontelomeric sequence generates 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8OG) preferentially in the telomeric segment, because GGG sequences are more reactive in duplex DNA. We have developed a general strategy for(More)