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PHA-739358 is a small-molecule 3-aminopyrazole derivative with strong activity against Aurora kinases and cross-reactivities with some receptor tyrosine kinases relevant for cancer. PHA-739358 inhibits all Aurora kinase family members and shows a dominant Aurora B kinase inhibition-related cellular phenotype and mechanism of action in cells in vitro and in(More)
Cdc7 is an essential kinase that promotes DNA replication by activating origins of replication. Here, we characterized the potent Cdc7 inhibitor PHA-767491 (1) in biochemical and cell-based assays, and we tested its antitumor activity in rodents. We found that the compound blocks DNA synthesis and affects the phosphorylation of the replicative DNA helicase(More)
Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) is the master regulator of mitosis and a target for anticancer therapy. To develop a marker of PLK1 activity in cells and tumour tissues, this study focused on translational controlled tumour protein (TCTP) and identified serine 46 as a site phosphorylated by PLK1 in vitro. Using an antibody raised against phospho-TCTP-Ser46, it(More)
Tumorigenesis in human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is driven by several genetic abnormalities with disruption of important molecular pathways, such as p53/MDM2/p14ARF and EGFR/PTEN/Akt/mTOR. The malignant progression of human GBM is also primarily associated with a peculiar multistep pathophysiological process characterized by intratumoral ischemic(More)
Altered expression and activity of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) and tropomyosin receptor kinase (TRK) families are observed in a wide variety of tumors. In those malignancies with aberrant CDK activation, the retinoblastoma protein (pRb) pathway is deregulated, leading to uncontrolled cell proliferation. Constitutive activation of TRKs is instead linked to(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGFC) has been reported to promote tumor progression in several tumor types, mainly through the stimulation of lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis. However, the expression and biological significance of the VEGFC/VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-3 pathway in ovarian cancer growth and dissemination are unclear, and have(More)
CD56 is expressed in 15-20% of acute myeloid leukaemias (AML) and is associated with extramedullary diffusion, multidrug resistance and poor prognosis. We describe the establishment and characterisation of a novel disseminated model of AML (AML-NS8), generated by injection into mice of leukaemic blasts freshly isolated from a patient with an aggressive(More)
Intermediate filament expression in the canine prostate, unlike that in human prostate, is represented in the literature by only a few reports. In this study, the expression of cytokeratin (CK) and vimentin was examined in three normal canine prostates and 11 canine prostatic carcinomas. Monoclonal antibodies directed against vimentin, CK AE1/AE3, CK 18-8(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the work was to determine and characterize, in vitro and in vivo, the therapeutic activity of PHA-793887, a new potent pan-cdk inhibitor, in the context of hematopoietic neoplasms. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirteen leukemic cell lines bearing different cytogenetic abnormalities and normal hematopoietic cells were used in cytotoxicity and(More)
Dietary exposure to soy has been associated with reduced breast cancer incidence. Soy isoflavones and protein components, such as protease inhibitors and the lunasin peptide, have been indicated as potential agents reducing carcinogenesis. In this study, the effect of soy-based diets was evaluated in a transgenic mouse model of breast carcinoma,(More)