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In Mediterranean-type ecosystems, seasonal dimorphism is an adaptive strategy aimed to save water by developing brachyblasts with xeromorphic summer leaves as opposed to dolichoblasts with more mesomorphic winter leaves. The aim of this study was to analyse the anatomical properties of 1-year-old twigs of Cistus incanus subsp. incanus, a seasonally(More)
Woody species populating the major Mediterranean ecosystems in the world are characterized by different levels of adaptation to the seasonal Mediterranean climate conditions. Many species of these ecosystems show wood features that allow high efficiency of transport when water is available, while maintaining hydraulic safety during drought periods. This(More)
Our study aims to define isotopic and anatomical responses to fires of P. halepensis . Main results: decrease in tree growth and relative conductivity and increase in water use efficiency. We investigated the ecophysiological responses of a Pinus halepensis Mill. stand surviving two wildfires in southern France. Basal area, isotope composition and(More)
Polyploidy is very common within angiosperms, and several studies are in progress to ascertain the effects of early polyploidization at the molecular, physiological, and phenotypic level. Extensive studies are available only in synthetic allopolyploids. By contrast, less is known about the consequences of autopolyploidization. The current study aimed to(More)
In this study we evaluated the effect of simulated microgravity on pollen germination of both herbaceous and woody species in order to investigate the possibility of applying gametophytic selection for plant growth in the space environment. The behaviour of gametophytes exposed to the stress of clinostat rotation could be used to screen the degree of(More)
Measurements of anatomical parameters of wood are of great interest both for eco-physiological purposes and for technological applications. The aim of this paper is to describe a new method for classifying and measuring cell lumen of xylem, analysing cross sections under the light microscope. The proposed method is based on the application of digital image(More)
Intra-annual density fluctuations (IADFs) are anomalies of tree rings where wood density is abruptly altered after sudden changes in environmental conditions. Their characterisation can provide information about the relationship between environmental factors and eco-physiological processes during tree growth. This paper reports about the variability of(More)
The presence of NaCl in soil or water is one of the most critical environmental stresses limiting crop productivity worldwide. Seaweed extract (SWE) represents an important category of plant biostimulants able to improve crop tolerance to abiotic stresses, such as salinity. The current research aimed at elucidating the physiological and anatomical effects(More)
Wood fibres are as sensitive to environmental conditions as vessels in tree rings with intra-annual density fluctuations (IADFs) in Mediterranean species. Forecasted environmental changes are likely to increase the frequency of intra-annual density fluctuations (IADFs) in Mediterranean tree rings. The interpretation of intra-annual anatomical variability of(More)