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Levels of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) are elevated in the plasma and ascites of ovarian cancer patients, but not in most other tumor types. LPA increases cell proliferation, cell survival, resistance to cisplatin, cell shrinkage, and production of vascular endothelial growth factor, urokinase plasminogen activator, and LPA(More)
The pH of solid tumors is acidic due to increased fermentative metabolism and poor perfusion. It has been hypothesized that acid pH promotes local invasive growth and metastasis. The hypothesis that acid mediates invasion proposes that H(+) diffuses from the proximal tumor microenvironment into adjacent normal tissues where it causes tissue remodeling that(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine if the Src tyrosine kinase is overexpressed and activated in late-stage human ovarian cancers. METHODS Western analysis and immune complex kinase assays were performed on a panel of human ovarian cancer cell lines and normal ovarian epithelial cell cultures, and immunohistochemical analysis for Src(More)
We investigate a three-dimensional multiscale model of vascular tumour growth, which couples blood flow, angiogenesis, vascular remodelling, nutrient/growth factor transport, movement of, and interactions between, normal and tumour cells, and nutrient-dependent cell cycle dynamics within each cell. In particular, we determine how the domain size, aspect(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is present at high concentrations in ascites from ovarian cancer patients and has potent mitogenic properties in vitro. Urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA), a critical component of the metastatic cascade, is also found at high concentrations in ovarian ascites and ovarian cancers, and the levels of uPA correlate inversely with(More)
Hyaluronic acid (HA) promotes tumor metastasis and is an accurate diagnostic marker for bladder cancer. HA is synthesized by HA synthases HAS1, HAS2, or HAS3. We have previously shown that HAS1 expression in tumor tissues is a predictor of bladder cancer recurrence and treatment failure. In this study, we stably transfected HT1376 bladder cancer cells with(More)
PURPOSE Levels of uronate, a basic component of urothelial glycosaminoglycans, are increased in urine specimens of patients with interstitial cystitis with severe symptoms. In this study we examined the urinary glycosaminoglycan profile and correlated the profile and urinary hyaluronic acid (a glycosaminoglycan) levels with symptom severity. MATERIALS AND(More)
PURPOSE We determined the effects of vorinostat [suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA)] and/or dasatinib, a dual Abl/Src kinase (tyrosine kinase) inhibitor, on the cultured human (K562 and LAMA-84) or primary chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cells, as well as on the murine pro-B BaF3 cells with ectopic expression of the unmutated and kinase domain-mutant(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant tumor cells typically metabolize glucose anaerobically to lactic acid even under normal oxygen tension, a phenomenon called aerobic glycolysis or the Warburg effect. This results in increased acid production and the acidification of the extracellular microenvironment in solid tumors. H(+) ions tend to flow along concentration gradients(More)
To investigate the transition from non-cancerous to metastatic from a physical sciences perspective, the Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers (PS-OC) Network performed molecular and biophysical comparative studies of the non-tumorigenic MCF-10A and metastatic MDA-MB-231 breast epithelial cell lines, commonly used as models of cancer metastasis. Experiments(More)