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Gracilaria species are an important source of agar. The South African Gracilaria industry has experienced a number of setbacks over the last decade in the form of complete or partial die-offs of the agarophyte growing in Saldanha Bay, which may be attributed to bacterial infection. Since a positive correlation was observed between the presence of agarolytic(More)
A recombinant plasmid with the ability to impart melanin synthesis to an Escherichia coli host was isolated from a Shewanella colwelliana genomic library. The genetic determinant of the Mel+ phenotype is carried on a 1.3-kb DNA fragment and sequence analysis of this revealed a single intact open reading frame that was sufficient for melanin synthesis (mel).(More)
Since current protocols were found to be inadequate for the identification of bacteria pathogenic toGracilaria gracilis, an assay was developed which made use of ‘axenic’ algae in order to attribute disease symptoms directly to the presence of a specific bacterial isolate. However, this assay proved to be as unreliable as existing procedures and failed to(More)
Viable cell counts and/or in situ hybridization were used to determine whether the probionts Vibrio midae SY9, Cryptococcus sp. SS1, and Debaryomyces hansenii AY1 can colonize the gastrointestinal tract of the South African abalone Haliotis midae. The number of culturable probiotic cells reisolated from H. midae fed probiotic-supplemented feed for 3 weeks(More)
A halotolerant collagenolytic Vibrio alginolyticus strain isolated from salted hides had intracellular sucrase activity and did not secret sucrase into the medium. The strain actively transported sucrose by a sucrose-inducible, Na+-independent process. A 10.4-kilobase DNA fragment of V. alginolyticus DNA was cloned into Escherichia coli. The recombinant E.(More)
Vibrio cholerae synthesized the pigment melanin in response to specific physiological conditions that were stressful to the bacterium. Pigmentation was induced when V. cholerae was subjected to hyperosmotic stress in conjunction with elevated growth temperatures (above 30 degrees C). The salt concentration tolerated by V. cholerae was lowered by additional(More)
The ompB operon of Vibrio cholerae 569B has been cloned and fully sequenced. The operon encodes two proteins, OmpR and EnvZ, which share sequence identity with the OmpR and EnvZ proteins of a variety of other bacteria. Although the order of the ompR and envZ genes of V. cholerae is similar to that of the ompB operon of E. coli, S. typhimurium and X.(More)
Although Haliotis midae is the most economically important cultured abalone species in South Africa, infectious diseases have the potential to severely limit the production of this shellfish. Consequently, it is becoming increasingly important to characterise the abalone immune system in order to better understand their ability to combat infection. This(More)