Vernon A. Ruffin

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Intracellular pH (pHi) regulation in the brain is important in both physiological and physiopathological conditions because changes in pHi generally result in altered neuronal excitability. In this review, we will cover 4 major areas: (1) The effect of pHi on cellular processes in the brain, including channel activity and neuronal excitability. (2) pHi(More)
Slack (Slo 2.2), a member of the Slo potassium channel family, is activated by both voltage and cytosolic factors, such as Na(+) ([Na(+)](i)) and Cl(-) ([Cl(-)](i)). Since the Slo family is known to play a role in hypoxia, and since hypoxia/ischemia is associated with an increase in H(+) and CO(2) intracellularly, we hypothesized that the Slack channel may(More)
The pathogenic process in Alzheimer's disease (AD) appears to be closely linked to the neurotoxic action of amyloid-β (Aβ) oligomers. Recent studies have shown that these oligomers bind with high affinity to the membrane-anchored cellular prion protein (PrP(C)). It has also been proposed that this binding might mediate some of the toxic effects of the(More)
Metabolic acidosis (MAc), a decrease in extracellular pH (pHo) caused by a decrease in [HCO3 (-)]o at a fixed [CO2]o, is a common clinical condition and causes intracellular pH (pHi) to fall. Although previous work has suggested that MAc-induced decreases in pHi (ΔpHi) differ among cell types, what is not clear is the extent to which these differences are(More)
The medullary raphé (MR) of the medulla oblongata contains chemosensitive neurons that respond to increases in arterial [CO₂], by altering firing rate, with increases being associated with serotonergic (5-hydroxytryptamine [5HT]) neurons and decreases, with GABAergic neurons. Both types of neurons contribute to increased alveolar ventilation. Decreases in(More)
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