Vernell Mitchell

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Chronic exposure to swim stress (i.e., training) is associated with functional adaptations of the cardiovascular system. On the other hand, repeated exposure to tail shock, an emotional stress, often results in deleterious changes in resting blood pressure and myocardial pathology. We hypothesized that the pathological adaptation following chronic exposure(More)
The ability of exercise training to block the generation of hypertension produced by chronic stress in the borderline hypertensive rat was tested. Twenty-three male borderline hypertensive rats, F1 offspring of spontaneously hypertensive and Wistar-Kyoto rats, were divided into three groups. Two groups (8 rats per group) were subjected to 2 hours of daily,(More)
The borderline hypertensive rat (BHR) shows large blood pressure responses to either stress or a high salt diet. Since the renal nerves have been shown to play a role in several animal models of hypertension, the current study sought to determine the effect of bilateral renal denervation on the development of stress-induced hypertension in the BHR. BHR were(More)
Two risk factors for cardiovascular disorders, parental history of hypertension and the Type A behavior pattern, were investigated concurrently with respect to cardiovascular reactivity to challenging situations. Sixty-four college males were given both the Structured Interview (SI) and Jenkins Activity Survey (JAS) for the Type A behavior pattern and a(More)
Blood pressure and heart rate responses of the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and the Wistar-Kyoto rat (WKY) to mild restraint and tone-shock pairings were compared during a pre-stress, aversive conditioning and post-stress period, after five previous days of exposure to the paradigm. Although SHR and WKY showed similar responses to the onset of the(More)
The borderline hypertensive rat (BHR) is a first-generation cross between the spontaneously hypertensive rat and the normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rat. The BHR develops frank hypertension when chronically stressed or when fed a high-sodium diet. Stress-induced hypertension can be blocked by exercise. The role of the central nervous system and kidney in(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize patient-based research in a large academic pediatric centre, to examine measures of research activity and productivity among the 44 clinical programs and to examine whether there is a relation among various measures of scientific productivity. DESIGN Survey. PARTICIPANTS Clinical programs. OUTCOME MEASURES Analysis of all(More)
Forty-three male borderline hypertensive rats were subjected to either 3 days, or 4, 10, or 16 weeks of daily stress. An additional 43 animals served as unstressed, age-matched controls. At the end of study, animals were sacrificed, brains were removed, and cardiovascularly-important nuclei in the brainstem and hypothalamus were removed by micropunch.(More)