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MOTIVATION Biomarker discovery and gene ranking is a standard task in genomic high-throughput analysis. Typically, the ordering of markers is based on a stabilized variant of the t-score, such as the moderated t or the SAM statistic. However, these procedures ignore gene-gene correlations, which may have a profound impact on the gene orderings and on the(More)
Ghrelin and growth hormone (GH) releasing hormone (GHRH) both stimulate GH secretion and slow wave sleep (SWS), whereas ghrelin increases, and GHRH decreases cortisol in males. However, GHRH's effect on sleep and cortisol was abolished, on GH mitigated, when administered in the early morning, possibly due to counteracting corticotropin releasing hormone(More)
Ghrelin was shown to increase slow wave sleep (SWS) and the secretion of growth hormone (GH) and cortisol in young males. In terms of sleep, such information for females, however, is lacking. Therefore, polysomnographies were recorded (23:00-07:00 h) and nocturnal (20:00-07:00 h) secretion profiles of GH and cortisol were determined in 10 healthy females(More)
Ghrelin activates the somatotropic and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axes, being crucially involved in sleep regulation. Simplified, growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) increases slow-wave sleep and REM sleep in males, whilst corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) increases wakefulness and decreases REM sleep. Ghrelin's role in sleep regulation and(More)
Converging evidence implicates immune abnormalities in schizophrenia (SCZ), and recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified immune-related single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with SCZ. Using the conditional false discovery rate (FDR) approach, we evaluated pleiotropy in SNPs associated with SCZ (n=21,856) and multiple(More)
There is evidence for genetic overlap between cognitive abilities and schizophrenia (SCZ), and genome-wide association studies (GWAS) demonstrate that both SCZ and general cognitive abilities have a strong polygenic component with many single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) each with a small effect. Here we investigated the shared genetic architecture(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological and clinical studies suggest comorbidity between prostate cancer (PCA) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. However, the relationship between these two phenotypes is still not well understood. Here we sought to identify shared genetic loci between PCA and CVD risk factors. METHODS We applied a genetic epidemiology(More)
BACKGROUND Why schizophrenia has accompanied humans throughout our history despite its negative effect on fitness remains an evolutionary enigma. It is proposed that schizophrenia is a by-product of the complex evolution of the human brain and a compromise for humans' language, creative thinking, and cognitive abilities. METHODS We analyzed recent large(More)
Nocturnal patterns of growth hormone (GH) in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), which is physiologically released predominantly during the first half of night, have not been reported. However, altered GH responses to pharmacological challenges suggest a disturbed function of the somatotropic axis in OCD. In this study, nine inpatients with a DSM-IV(More)
Identification of causal SNPs in most genome wide association studies relies on approaches that consider each SNP individually. However, there is a strong correlation structure among SNPs that needs to be taken into account. Hence, increasingly modern computationally expensive regression methods are employed for SNP selection that consider all markers(More)