Verena Scheper

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The auditory midbrain implant (AMI) consists of a single shank array (20 sites) for stimulation along the tonotopic axis of the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (ICC) and has been safely implanted in deaf patients who cannot benefit from a cochlear implant (CI). The AMI improves lip-reading abilities and environmental awareness in the implanted(More)
The phenomenal success of the cochlear implant (CI) is attributed to its ability to provide sufficient temporal and spectral cues for speech understanding. Unfortunately, the CI is ineffective for those without a functional auditory nerve or an implantable cochlea required for CI implementation. As an alternative, our group developed and implanted in deaf(More)
BACKGROUND The efficiency of cochlear implants (CIs) is affected by postoperative connective tissue growth around the electrode array. This tissue formation is thought to be the cause behind post-operative increases in impedance. Dexamethasone (DEX) eluting CIs may reduce fibrous tissue growth around the electrode array subsequently moderating elevations in(More)
Artemin and its receptors are upregulated in the auditory nerve of deafened rats as a possible intrinsic protective mechanism against ototoxicity-related apoptosis. Consequently, we examined the effect of artemin on spiral ganglion neurons in vitro and in vivo. Spiral ganglion neurons were isolated from neonatal rats and cultured in serum-free medium(More)
Sensorineural deafness is caused by damage of hair cells followed by degeneration of the spiral ganglion neurons and can be moderated by cochlear implants. However, the benefit of the cochlear implant depends on the excitability of the spiral ganglion neurons. Therefore, current research focuses on the identification of agents that will preserve their(More)
Fibrous tissue growth and loss of residual hearing after cochlear implantation can be reduced by application of the glucocorticoid dexamethasone-21-phosphate-disodium-salt (DEX). To date, sustained delivery of this agent to the cochlea using a number of pharmaceutical technologies has not been entirely successful. In this study we examine a novel way of(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To investigate the influence of alterations of the scala tympani environment and modifications of the surface of cochlear implant electrode arrays on insertion forces in vitro. STUDY DESIGN Research experimental study. METHODS Fibroblasts producing neurotrophic factors were cultivated on the surface of Nucleus 24 Contour Advance(More)
BACKGROUND Sensorineural deafness is mainly caused by damage to hair cells and degeneration of the spiral ganglion neurons (SGN). Cochlear implants can functionally replace lost hair cells and stimulate the SGN electrically. The benefit from cochlear implantation depends on the number and excitability of these neurons. To identify potential therapies for(More)
Neuron counting in the cochlea is a crucial but time-consuming operation for which various methods have been developed. To improve simplicity and efficiency, we tested an imaging method of the cochlea, and based on Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy (CLSM), we visualised Rosenthal's Canal and quantified the spiral ganglion neurons (SGN) within. Cochleae of(More)
The treatment of choice for profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is direct electrical stimulation of spiral ganglion cells (SGC) via a cochlear implant (CI). The number and excitability of SGC seem to be critical for the success that can be achieved via CI treatment. However, SNHL is associated with degeneration of SGC. Long-term drug delivery to the(More)