Verena Mauch

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SETTING The National Tuberculosis Programs of Ghana, Viet Nam and the Dominican Republic. OBJECTIVE To assess the direct and indirect costs of tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and treatment for patients and households. DESIGN Each country translated and adapted a structured questionnaire, the Tool to Estimate Patients' Costs. A random sample of new adult(More)
BACKGROUND The poor face geographical, socio-cultural and health system barriers in accessing tuberculosis care. These may cause delays to timely diagnosis and treatment resulting in more advanced disease and continued transmission of TB. By addressing barriers and reasons for delay, costs incurred by TB patients can be effectively reduced. A Tool to(More)
Affiliations: Clinical Epidemiology and Medical Statistics Unit, Dept of Biomedical Sciences – University of Sassari – Research, Medical Education and Professional Development Unit, AOU Sassari, Italy. Max Planck Society, General Administration, Munich, Germany. World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Fondazione S.(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine direct and indirect costs incurred by new, retreatment, and multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) patients in the Dominican Republic before and during diagnosis, and during treatment, to generate an evidence base and formulate recommendations. METHODS The "Tool to Estimate Patients' Costs" was adapted to the local setting,(More)
Only very few left/right asymmetrically expressed genes are known in the mammalian embryo. In a screen for novel factors we identified the gene encoding the neuropeptide Galanin in mouse. At embryonic day (E) 8.5 asymmetric mRNA transcription was found in the left half of the linear heart tube. During heart looping and morphogenesis expression became(More)
The literature suggests that crowding-out effects of government funding for health happen in low-income countries with a high HIV burden. In a survey, we investigated the hypothesis that domestic funding for TB control has fallen in 11 low-income, high-TB-burden countries in the context of changes in gross domestic product (GDP), development assistance(More)
OBJECTIVES Health care delivery is particularly problematic in fragile states often connected with increased incidence of communicable diseases, among them tuberculosis. This article draws upon experiences in tuberculosis control in four fragile states from which four lessons learned were derived. METHODS A structured inventory to extract common themes(More)
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