Verena K. Hess

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Political candidates and citizens alike have been turning to nontraditional, “softer” sources of political information such as late-night comedy and daytime talk shows. This is particularly true during presidential elections, when candidates make guest appearances to reach audience members who may or may not be politically engaged, and when discussion of(More)
  • Jiyeong Jeong, Johannes Bertsch, +4 authors Volker Müller
  • Applied and environmental microbiology
  • 2015
Eubacterium limosum KIST612 is one of the few acetogens that can produce butyrate from carbon monoxide. We have used a genome-guided analysis to delineate the path of butyrate formation, the enzymes involved, and the potential coupling to ATP synthesis. Oxidation of CO is catalyzed by the acetyl-coenzyme A (CoA) synthase/CO dehydrogenase and coupled to the(More)
The anaerobic acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii has a novel Na(+)-translocating electron transport chain that couples electron transfer from reduced ferredoxin to NAD(+) with the generation of a primary electrochemical Na(+) potential across its cytoplasmic membrane. In previous assays in which Ti(3+) was used to reduce ferredoxin, Na(+) transport(More)
Topical treatment of the mouse tail with antipsoriatic drugs enhances orthokeratotic cell differentiation in the epidermal scales. We developed a new evaluation system for this test which allows quantification of drug efficacy. Drugs were applied topically, once daily, 5 times a week, for 2 weeks. Two hours after the last treatment the animals were(More)
Acetogenic bacteria are able to use CO2 as terminal electron acceptor of an anaerobic respiration, thereby producing acetate with electrons coming from H2. Due to this feature, acetogens came into focus as platforms to produce biocommodities from waste gases such as H2 + CO2 and/or CO. A prerequisite for metabolic engineering is a detailed understanding of(More)
The anaerobic acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii couples the reduction of caffeate with electrons derived from hydrogen to the synthesis of ATP by a chemiosmotic mechanism using sodium ions as coupling ions, but the enzymes involved remain to be established. Previously, the electron transfer flavoproteins EtfA and EtfB were found to be involved in(More)
UNLABELLED The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) of acetogenic bacteria catalyzes the reduction of methylene-THF, which is highly exergonic with NADH as the reductant. Therefore, the enzyme was suggested to be involved in energy conservation by reducing ferredoxin via electron bifurcation, followed by Na(+) translocation by the Rnf complex. The(More)
The acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii is able to reduce CO2 to acetate via the Wood-Ljungdahl pathway. Only recently we demonstrated that degradation of 1,2-propanediol by A. woodii was not dependent on acetogenesis, but that it is disproportionated to propanol and propionate. Here, we analyzed the metabolism of A. woodii on another diol,(More)
The anaerobic acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii couples reduction of caffeate with electrons derived from molecular hydrogen to the synthesis of ATP by a chemiosmotic mechanism with sodium ions as coupling ions. Caffeate is activated to caffeyl coenzyme A (caffeyl-CoA) prior to its reduction, and the caffeate reduction operon encodes an(More)
A ferredoxin:NAD(+) oxidoreductase was recently discovered as a redox-driven ion pump in the anaerobic, acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii. The enzyme is assumed to be encoded by the rnf genes. Since these genes are present in the genomes of many bacteria, we tested for ferredoxin:NAD(+) oxidoreductase activity in cytoplasmic membranes from several(More)