Vera Tavares de Campos Carneiro

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Brachiaria brizantha is an important forage grass. The occurrence of both apomictic and sexual reproduction within Brachiaria makes it an interesting system for understanding the molecular pathways involved in both modes of reproduction. Quantitative real time PCR (qRT-PCR) has emerged as an important technique to compare expression profile of target genes(More)
Brachiaria brizantha is a forage grass that has several apomictic accessions. B. brizantha cv. Marandu is a natural tetraploid aposporous apomict widely cultivated in Brazil. Pseudogamy was detected in this species by observation that seed set is suppressed in plants that have had the stigmas excised from the flowers. The egg cell develops(More)
Apomixis, an asexual mode of reproduction through seeds, holds much promise for agricultural advances. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this trait are still poorly understood. We previously isolated several transcripts representing novel sequences differentially expressed in reproductive tissues of sexual and apomictic plants. Here, we report(More)
In apomixis, asexual mode of plant reproduction through seeds, an unreduced megagametophyte is formed due to circumvented or altered meiosis. The embryo develops autonomously from the unreduced egg cell, independently of fertilization. Brachiaria is a genus of tropical forage grasses that reproduces sexually or by apomixis. A limited number of studies have(More)
Gametophytic organization, fertilization and reproductive success are described for the fertile diploid Brachiaria brizantha accession BRA-002747 which is being raised for use in Brachiaria breeding programs, as well as to understand and control of apomixis in this genus. The current paper reports on reproductive biology and analysis of seed set in field(More)
Species of the genus Brachiaria comprise plants with different modes of reproduction, sexual and apomictic. In apomixis, the embryo sac differentiates from an unreduced cell, and the embryo develops in the absence of egg cell fertilisation. In this work, the characterisation and expression analyses of a MADS-box gene from Brachiaria brizantha, named(More)
Difficulties in obtaining new breeding lines of Brachiaria (Trin.) Griseb., an important forage grass in Brazil, are mostly related to differences in ploidy among the accessions, and to apomixis, an asexual mode of reproduction. Usually, sexual accessions are diploid while apomicts are polyploid. Induced tetraploids of Brachiaria brizantha (A. Rich.) Stapf(More)
Brachiaria (Trin.) Griseb belongs to the family Poaceae, and within the genus, apomixis or sexuality is present in different accessions of the same species. The majority of Brachiaria species are polyploid and apomictic, making strategies for crop improvement by breeding very intricate. In spite of the high frequency of apomictic polyploids, the(More)
BbrizGID1 is expressed in the nucellus of apomictic Brachiaria brizantha, previous to aposporous initial differentiation. AtGID1a overexpression triggers differentiation of Arabidopsis thaliana MMC-like cells, suggesting its involvement in ovule development. GIBBERELLIN-INSENSITIVE DWARF1 (GID1) is a gibberellin receptor previously identified in plants and(More)
Brachiaria brizantha is a forage grass of the Poaceae family. Introduced from Africa, it is largely used for beef cattle production in Brazil. Brachiaria reproduces sexually or asexually by apomixis, and development of biotechnological tools for gene transfer is being researched to support the breeding programs. The molecular bases of reproduction have not(More)
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