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Ventricular width and its enlargement over time are discussed as promising markers for preclinical brain atrophy. The aim of our study was to define whether brain atrophy can reliably be monitored by transcranial ultrasound (TCS). In a prospective longitudinal trial over 5years, 500 healthy persons were examined by a standardized protocol with TCS in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether enlarged substantia nigra hyperechogenicity (SN+) is associated with an increased risk for Parkinson disease (PD) in a healthy elderly population. DESIGN Longitudinal 3-center observational study with 37 months of prospective follow-up. SETTING Individuals 50 years or older without evidence of PD or any other(More)
The present investigation was undertaken to ascertain whether alterations in plasma free fatty acids (FFA) affect pancreatic glucagon secretion in man since FFA have been reported to influence pancreatic alpha cell function in other species. Elevation of plasma FFA from a mean (+/-SE) basal level of 0.478+/-0.036 mM to 0.712+/-0.055 mM after heparin(More)
To evaluate the role of glucagon in the pathogenesis of diabetic ketoacidosis in man, we studied the effect of suppression of glucagon secretion by somatostatin on changes in plasma beta-hydroxybutyrate and glucose concentrations (as well as changes in their precursors) after acute withdrawal of insulin from seven patients with juvenile-type diabetes.(More)
Bed rest, both with and without head-down tilt, has been extensively used as an earth-bound analog to study physiologic effects mimicking those occurring in weightlessness during spaceflight. We have been able to show in six subjects that 4 weeks of head-down tilt bed rest induces a significant decrease in interleukin-2 secretion by PHA-stimulated T(More)
Improved surgical microscopes and intraoperative radiofluoroscopic television have revived the transsphenoidal approach to pituitary tumors. The transsphenoidal approach offers an alternative to craniotomy, and in certain situations it has distinct advantages. The reported experience includes the common pituitary tumors, hypersecreting microadenomas,(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) versus non-enhanced low-dose CT (NECT) in the staging of advanced malignant melanoma with (18)F-fluordeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT. METHODS In total, 50 (18)F-FDG PET/CT examinations were performed in 50 patients with metastasized(More)