Vera Ponomareva

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Experimental investigation on rheoreaction as a behavioral mechanism in the formation of phenotypic groups of underyearlings of the Atlantic salmon Salmo salar is performed. Juveniles of the Atlantic salmon are investigated at the age 0+ from the coastal group and from the tributary group in the period of its primary distribution from redds. The(More)
Hatchery rearing underyearlings of the Black Sea salmon Salmo trutta labrax at the age of five-six months (nine-ten months before the beginning of smoltification) divide into two spatial groups—bottom group and pelagic group. This is caused by lack of territory (bottom area): the minority of fish are bottom-dwelling—such fish are territorial, they extrude(More)
265 It is known that differentiation of some salmonids into phenotypical groups with different life strategies may be caused by shortage of resources in their envi ronment—lack of food or free area (potentially suit able territory for occupation considered as a home range) [1–3]. Under natural conditions, the availabil ities of food and of territory are(More)
Cytological state of gonads and hormonal status was studied in juvenile (15-month-old) Black Sea trout Salmo trutta labrax of the two phenotypic forms (resident and migratory). The differences in the rates of hametogenesis in the compared forms were revealed. It is shown that the spermatogenesis in the resident form is more intensive; on the other hand, the(More)
Type of rheoreaction is investigated in some species of salmonids, cyprinids, and percids. Three types of rheoreaction are discerned: positive (the fish prefer to move against the current), static (the fish retain their position in the current), and negative (the fish prefer to move downstream). It is shown that the type of rheoreaction is probabilistic and(More)
Widespread ash dispersal poses a significant natural hazard to society, particularly in relation to disruption to aviation. Assessing the extent of the threat of far-travelled ash clouds on flight paths is substantially hindered by an incomplete volcanic history and an underestimation of the potential reach of distant eruptive centres. The risk of extensive(More)
This review is intended to highlight recent exciting advances in the study of distal (>100 km from the source) tephra and cryptotephra deposits and their potential application for volcanology. Geochemical correlations of tephra between proximal and distal locations have extended the geographical distribution of tephra over tens of millions square(More)
The effect of methyltestosterone given with feed during one and two months on the state of gonads, the level of thyroid, and sex steroid hormones in blood and on rheoreaction is studied in juvenile rainbow trout Parasalmo mykiss (=Oncorhynchus mykiss) raised under unfavorable conditions (tropics, Vietnam). In comparison with the control, in the experimental(More)
Methods for evaluating the motivational component of the fish rheoreaction (ratio of rheoreaction types) are developed and tested in a circular hydrodynamic tank for three fish species (Danio rerio, Poecilia reticulata, and Inpaichthys kerri). Three rheoreaction types of fish were distinguished: a positive type (fish movements against water current), a(More)
Aggressive behavior of hatchery-reared juvenile Black Sea brown trout Salmo trutta labrax at the age of 5.5–6.0 months is investigated. Shortage of suitable territory leads to the separation of the fish into two spatial groups: demersal and pelagic. During the process of spatial differentiation of the fish, the individuals that have not selected permanent(More)
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