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OBJECTIVE To systematically review the effectiveness of medications used to improve attention in people with non-progressive acquired brain injury. DESIGN A systematic review. METHODS MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINALH, PUBMED and PsychINFO databases were used to identify studies published between 1987 and 2008 meeting the following criteria: studies with subjects(More)
Two people developed symptoms of influenza 36 h after collecting nasal swabs from pigs experimentally infected with A/Sw/IN/1726/88 (Sw/IN). Pharyngeal swabs from these persons tested positive for influenza virus RNA 8 days after infection. Analysis of hemi-nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products indicated that the hemagglutinin (HA) segments of the(More)
Patients with proximal focal femoral deficiency or longitudinal deficiency affecting the femur were selected from a large regional center. Twenty-eight such patients were identified and were divided into two groups depending on how their condition was managed. Group 1 had opted for the surgical approach of ankle disarticulation (Syme amputation) and the(More)
Stump ulcers are common problems in amputees. Temporary discontinuation of prosthetic limb use is frequently employed to facilitate healing. Inevitably, this limits activity and may, for instance, prevent an amputee from going to work. A survey of clinical practice was carried out based on the premise that controlled continued prosthetic limb use in(More)
This study was conducted to investigate whether Accell gene gun coadministration of DNA encoding human interleukin-6 (IL-6) would enhance protective immune responses in mice to an equine influenza A virus hemagglutinin (HA) DNA vaccine. Mice that received HA DNA alone exhibited accelerated clearance of homologous challenge virus but were not protected from(More)
Particle-mediated delivery of a DNA expression vector encoding the hemagglutinin (HA) of an H1N1 influenza virus (A/Swine/Indiana/1726/88) to porcine epidermis elicits a humoral immune response and accelerates the clearance of virus in pigs following a homotypic challenge. Mucosal administration of the HA expression plasmid elicits an immune response that(More)
Effective team working plays a crucial role in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM). As part of its role of optimizing and harmonizing clinical practice across Europe, the Professional Practice Committee of Union of European Medical Specialists (UEMS) Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) Section reviewed patterns of team working and debated(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE Whilst there is data to support the use of Melatonin in treating disorders of the sleep-wake cycle, so far there is little published evidence on the efficacy of Melatonin in treating the prevalent condition of post-TBI sleep disturbance. RESEARCH DESIGN The present work used a randomized double-blind controlled cross-over trial to(More)
Following amputation, 50% to 90% of individuals experience phantom and/or stump pain. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) may prove to be a useful adjunct analgesic intervention, although a recent systematic review was unable to judge effectiveness owing to lack of quality evidence. The aim of this pilot study was to gather data on the effect(More)