Vera Hoffmann

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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Impaired remyelination and axonal degeneration may account for progressive disability in MS patients. As ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) takes part in myelogenesis, we examined the frequency of a CNTF-null mutation in 349 MS patients with respect to their(More)
In the context of molecularly-dated phylogenies, inferences informed by ancestral habitat reconstruction can yield valuable insights into the origins of biomes, palaeoenvironments and landforms. In this paper, we use dated phylogenies of 12 plant clades from the Cape Floristic Region (CFR) in southern Africa to test hypotheses of Neogene climatic and(More)
Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is the leading indication for emergency endoscopy. Scoring schemes have been developed for immediate risk stratification. However, most of these scores include endoscopic findings and are based on data from patients with nonvariceal bleeding. The aim of our study was to design a pre-endoscopic score for acute(More)
We hypothesized that in seasonally-arid systems the evolution of annuality is controlled by both moisture regime and substrate quality, with infertile soils either precluding annuality or selecting for improved nutrient acquisition in annuals. The grass flora of the Cape Floristic Region to test these ideas. We compared intrinsic variation in life history(More)
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