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Chromaffin cells, sympathetic neurons of the dorsal ganglia, and the intermediate small intensely fluorescent cells derive from a common neural crest progenitor cell. Contrary to the closely related sympathetic nervous system, within the adult adrenal medulla a subpopulation of undifferentiated progenitor cells persists, and recently, we established a(More)
We evaluated the effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPPIV), and its inhibitor, vildagliptin, on adipogenesis and lipolysis in a pre-adipocyte murine cell line (3T3-L1). The exogenous rDPPIV increased lipid accumulation and PPAR-γ expression, whereas an inhibitor of DPPIV, the anti-diabetic drug vildagliptin, suppresses the stimulatory role of DPPIV on(More)
The adrenal gland plays a fundamental role in the response to a variety of stress situations. After a stress condition, adrenal medullary chromaffin cells release, by exocytosis, high quantities of catecholamine (epinephrine, EP; norepinephrine, NE), especially EP. Once in the blood stream, catecholamines reach different target organs, and induce their(More)
The formation of adipose tissue is a process that includes the pre-adipocyte proliferation and differentiation to adipocytes that are cells specialized in lipid accumulation. The adipocyte differentiation is a process driven by the coordinated expression of various transcription factors, such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR-γ).(More)
Stress has been considered determinant in the etiology of depression. The adrenal medulla plays a key role in response to stress by releasing catecholamines, which are important to maintain homeostasis. We aimed to study the adrenal medulla in a mouse model of depression induced by 21 days of unpredictable chronic stress (UCS). We observed that UCS induced(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxia occurs within adipose tissue of obese human and mice. However, its role in adipose tissue regulation is still controversial. METHODS We used murine preadipocyte 3T3-L1 cells and hypoxia was induced by using hypoxia mimetic agents, as CoCl2. To study adipocyte differentiation, we evaluated the adipocyte markers (PPARγ, C/EBPα and aP2),(More)
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