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In a multimodal interface, a user can use multiple modalities, such as speech, gesture, and eye gaze etc., to communicate with a system. As a critical component in a multimodal interface, multimodal input fusion explores the ways to effectively interpret the combined semantic interpretation of user's multimodal inputs. Although multimodal inputs may contain(More)
Multimodal User Interaction (MMUI) technology aims at building natural and intuitive interfaces allowing a user to interact with computer in a way similar to human-to-human communication, for example, through speech and gestures. As a critical component in MMUI, Multimodal Input Fusion explores ways to effectively interpret the combined semantic(More)
Multimodal user interaction technology aims at building more natural and intuitive interfaces allowing a user to interact with a computer in a way similar to human-to-human communication, for example, through speech and gesture. As a critical component in multimodal user interaction, multimodal input fusion explores the ways to effectively interpret the(More)
A Multimodal User Interface (MMUI) allows a user to interact with a computer in a way similar to human-to-human communication, for example, through speech and gesture. Being an essential component in MMUIs, Multimodal Input Fusion should be able to find the semantic interpretation of a user's intention from recognized multimodal symbols which are(More)
A multimodal interface provides multiple modalities for input and output, such as speech, eye gaze and facial expression. With the recent progresses in multimodal interfaces, various approaches about multimodal input fusion and output generation have been proposed. However, less attention has been paid to how to integrate them together in a multimodal input(More)
The trend of e-learning technologies is expanding fast. Web-based learning environments are becoming very common in the higher education institutions. Nowadays e-learning management systems are very popular. Many universities throughout the world deliver educational programs via the Internet. Developments of e-learning systems are generating great impact in(More)
Since the implementation of the national health insurance (NHI) program, the Taiwanese health care industry has become increasingly competitive. The objective of this paper is to study the flow of endoscope examinations in order to improve service quality. Waiting times could be reduced through a more efficient utilization of available equipment. This study(More)
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